Specialist Versus Generic Models of Psychiatry Training and Service Provision for People with Intellectual Disabilities

Jess, G., Torr, J., Cooper, S. , Lennox, N., Edwards, N., Galea, J. and O'Brien, G. (2008) Specialist Versus Generic Models of Psychiatry Training and Service Provision for People with Intellectual Disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 21(2), pp. 183-193. (doi:10.1111/j.1468-3148.2007.00394.x)

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Abstract

Keywords: intellectual disabilities; international comparisons; mental health needs; psychiatric training; service provision Background  Models of service provision and professional training differ between countries. This study aims to investigate a specialist intellectual disabilities model and a generic mental health model, specifically comparing psychiatrists’ knowledge and competencies, and service quality and accessibility in meeting the mental health needs of people with intellectual disabilities. Method  Data were collected from consultant and trainee psychiatrists within a specialist intellectual disabilities model (UK) and a generic mental health model (Australia). Results  The sample sizes were 294 (UK) and 205 (Australia). Statistically significant differences were found, with UK participants having positive views about the specialist intellectual disabilities service model they worked within, demonstrating flexible and accessible working practices and service provision, responsive to the range of mental health needs of the population with intellectual disabilities, and providing a wide range of treatments and supports. The UK participants were knowledgeable, well trained and confident in their work. They wanted to work with people with intellectual disabilities. In all of these areas, the converse was found from the Australian generic mental health service model. Conclusions  The specialist intellectual disabilities model of service provision and training has advantages over the generic mental health model.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann
Authors: Jess, G., Torr, J., Cooper, S., Lennox, N., Edwards, N., Galea, J., and O'Brien, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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