A survey of limitations and enhancements of the IPv6 routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks: a focus on core operations

Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A. Y., Ekonomou, E., Alsarhan, A., Nasser, Y., Mackenzie, L. M. and Boukerche, A. (2019) A survey of limitations and enhancements of the IPv6 routing protocol for low-power and lossy networks: a focus on core operations. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 21(2), pp. 1607-1635. (doi:10.1109/COMST.2018.2874356)

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Abstract

Driven by the special requirements of the Low-power and Lossy Networks (LLNs), the IPv6 Routing Protocol for LLNs (RPL) was standardized by the IETF some six years ago to tackle the routing issue in such networks. Since its introduction, however, numerous studies have pointed out that, in its current form, RPL suffers from issues that limit its efficiency and domain of applicability. Thus, several solutions have been proposed in the literature in an attempt to overcome these identified limitations. In this survey, we aim mainly to provide a comprehensive review of these research proposals assessing whether such proposals have succeeded in overcoming the standard reported limitations related to its core operations. Although some of RPL’s weaknesses have been addressed successfully, the study found that the proposed solutions remain deficient in overcoming several others. Hence, the study investigates where such proposals still fall short, the challenges and pitfalls to avoid, thus would help researchers formulate a clear foundation for the development of further successful extensions in future allowing the protocol to be applied more widely.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Al-Dubai, Ahmed and Mackenzie, Dr Lewis
Authors: Ghaleb, B., Al-Dubai, A. Y., Ekonomou, E., Alsarhan, A., Nasser, Y., Mackenzie, L. M., and Boukerche, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:1553-877X
ISSN (Online):1553-877X
Published Online:11 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials 21(2):1607-1635
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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