Development and examination of the reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder assessment interview

Lehmann, S., Monette, S., Egger, H., Breivik, K., Young, D., Davidson, C. and Minnis, H. (2018) Development and examination of the reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder assessment interview. Assessment, (doi:10.1177/1073191118797422) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ( DSM) categorizes reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) as two separate disorders, and their criteria are revised. For DSED, the core symptoms focus on abnormal social disinhibition, and symptoms regarding lack of selective attachment have been removed. The core symptoms of RAD are the absence of attachment behaviors and emotional dysregulation. In this study, an international team of researchers modified the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment for RAD to update it from DSM-IV to DSM-5 criteria for RAD and DSED. We renamed the interview the reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder assessment (RADA). Foster parents of 320 young people aged 11 to 17 years completed the RADA online. Confirmatory factor analysis of RADA items identified good fit for a three-factor model, with one factor comprising DSED items (indiscriminate behaviors with strangers) and two factors comprising RAD items (RAD1: failure to seek/accept comfort, and RAD2: withdrawal/hypervigilance). The three factors showed differential associations with clinical symptoms of emotional and social impairment. Time in foster care was not associated with scores on RAD1, RAD2, or DSED. Higher age was associated with lower scores on DSED, and higher scores on RAD1.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:S. Lehmann is funded by the Norwegian Research Council (Grant Number 256598).
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minnis, Professor Helen
Authors: Lehmann, S., Monette, S., Egger, H., Breivik, K., Young, D., Davidson, C., and Minnis, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:Assessment
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:1073-1911
ISSN (Online):1552-3489
Published Online:02 September 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Assessment 2018
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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