No cumplir con las recomendaciones de actividad física se asocia a mayores niveles de obesidad, diabetes, hipertensión y síndrome metabólico en población chilena = Association of physical inactivity with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome in the chilean population

Díaz-Martínez, X. et al. (2018) No cumplir con las recomendaciones de actividad física se asocia a mayores niveles de obesidad, diabetes, hipertensión y síndrome metabólico en población chilena = Association of physical inactivity with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome in the chilean population. Revista Medica de Chile, 146(5), pp. 585-595. (doi: 10.4067/s0034-98872018000500585) (PMID:30148922)

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Abstract

Background: Physical inactivity is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Aim: To investigate the association of physical inactivity with obesity, metabolic markers, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and metabolic syndrome in Chilean adults. Material and Methods: Participants from the National Health Survey 2009-10 (n = 5,157) were included in this study. Body mass index, waist circumference, metabolic markers (blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile) were the outcomes. Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome were determined using international criteria. Physical activity levels were determined using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and physical inactivity was defined as < 600 METs/minutes/week. Results: Compared to their physically active peers, inactive men and women had a higher odds ratio (OR) for obesity (OR: 1.77 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.29-2.42], p < 0.01 and 1.25 [95% CI: 102-1.54], p < 0.035, respectively), diabetes (OR: 2.47 [1.80-3.38], p < 0.01 and 1.72 [1.35-2.19], p = 0.002, respectively) and hypertension (OR: 1.66 [1.31-2.09], p < 0.01 and 1.83 [1.54-2.18] respectively. An association of physical inactivity with central obesity and metabolic syndrome was observed only in men (OR: 1.92 [1.42- 2.58], p < 0.01 and 1.74 [1.23-2.47], p < 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Not meeting the physical activity recommendations is associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome, which are important cardiovascular risk factors.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos and Petermann, Mrs Fanny
Authors: Díaz-Martínez, X., Petermann, F., Leiva, A. M., Garrido-Méndez, A., Salas-Bravo, C., Martínez, M. A., Labraña, A. M., Duran, E., Valdivia-Moral, P., Zagalaz, M. L., Poblete-Valderrama, F., Alvarez, C., and Celis-Morales, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Revista Medica de Chile
Publisher:Sociedad Medica de Santiago
ISSN:0717-6163
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Revista Medica de Chile 146(5): 585-595
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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