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Seasonal variations in out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest

Pell, J., Sirel, J., Marsden, A., and Cobbe, S. (1999) Seasonal variations in out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Heart, 82 (6). pp. 680-683. ISSN 1355-6037

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Abstract

Objective-To determine whether there are seasonal variations in survival following out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Design-Prospective cohort study using the Heartstart (Scotland) database. Setting-All of Scotland. Patients-10 890 people who suffered out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest in the summer or winter between December 1988 and August 1997 inclusive. Intervention-Univariate comparisons of 5406 arrests occurring in summer with 5484 in winter, in terms of patient characteristics, management, and survival using chi(2) and Mann-Whitney U tests, Multivariate analysis of the association between season and survival following adjustment for case mix. Main outcomes measures-Survival to discharge from hospital, survival preadmission, in-hospital survival. Results-Only 6% of people who arrested in winter survived to discharge, compared to 8% of those who arrested in summer (odds ratio 0.77, p < 0.001). People who arrested in winter had a poorer risk profile in that they were older, more Likely to arrest at home, less Likely to have a witness, and less Likely to receive defibrillation. However, after adjustment for case mix, people who arrested in winter were still 19% less likely to survive compared to those who arrested in summer. Deaths pre-admission were significantly higher in winter (odds ratio 1.18, p < 0.05) but in-hospital deaths were not. Conclusions-People who suffer cardiopulmonary arrest in winter have a significantly lower likelihood of surviving. This is, in part, caused by the higher frequency of a number of recognised risk factors. However, their prognosis remains poorer even after adjustment for these factors.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pell, Prof Jill and Cobbe, Prof Stuart
Authors: Pell, J., Sirel, J., Marsden, A., and Cobbe, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Heart
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1355-6037

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