A multicentre development and evaluation of a dietetic referral score for nutritional risk in sick infants

Gerasimidis, K. et al. (2019) A multicentre development and evaluation of a dietetic referral score for nutritional risk in sick infants. Clinical Nutrition, 38(4), pp. 1636-1642. (doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2018.08.017) (PMID:30224303)

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Abstract

Background & aims: Unrecognized nutritional issues may delay recovery in hospitalized infants. It has been proposed that nutritional risk screening should be performed at hospital admission, but few tools include infants. The aim of this study was to develop and test a tool to identify sick infants in need of dietetic input. Methods: Hospitalised infants were recruited from hospitals in the United Kingdom (UK), Greece and Iran. Weight, skinfold thickness and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) were measured, with detailed dietetic assessment in the UK and Greece. Simple screening questions were used in the UK cohort to formulate a score (infant early nutrition warning score-iNEWS) which was then validated in the Greek and Iranian groups. Results: After dietetic assessment, 20 (9.6%) UK and 22 (22%) Greek infants were rated as needing dietetic input. Underweight, poor weight gain/loss and reduced intake were all independent predictors of perceived need for dietetic input in stepwise multivariate regression analysis. The score based on these items (iNEWS), had 84% sensitivity, 91% specificity and 49% positive predictive value to predict need for dietetic input in the UK cohort. In the Greek cohort this was 86%, 78% and 53% respectively. In all three countries, infants with high iNEWS had significantly lower average skinfold thickness (between −1 and −1.8 SD, p < 0.0001) and MUAC (between −1.8 and −2 SD, p < 0.0001) than those at low risk. Conclusions: iNEWS, a simple nutritional risk tool, identifies most hospitalised infants who need dietetic input. Clinical trial registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03323957.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Ms Tsiountsioura was partially funded by The Organix Foundation.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wright, Professor Charlotte and Tester, Mr Andrew and Gerasimidis, Dr Konstantinos and Purcell, Ms Orla
Authors: Gerasimidis, K., Milani, S., Tester, A., Purcell, O., Woodley, C., Tsiountsioura, M., Koulieri, A., Zerva, O., Loizou, K., Rafeey, M., Kontogianni, M., and Wright, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Clinical Nutrition
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0261-5614
ISSN (Online):1532-1983
Published Online:05 September 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism
First Published:First published in Clinical Nutrition 38(4): 1636-1642
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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