A randomized controlled crossover trial evaluating differential responses to antihypertensive drugs (used as mono- or dual therapy) on the basis of ethnicity: the comparIsoN oF Optimal Hypertension RegiMens; part of the Ancestry Informative Markers in HYpertension program-AIM-HY INFORM trial

Mukhtar, O. et al. (2018) A randomized controlled crossover trial evaluating differential responses to antihypertensive drugs (used as mono- or dual therapy) on the basis of ethnicity: the comparIsoN oF Optimal Hypertension RegiMens; part of the Ancestry Informative Markers in HYpertension program-AIM-HY INFORM trial. American Heart Journal, 204, pp. 102-108. (doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2018.05.006) (PMID:30092411) (PMCID:PMC6234107)

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Abstract

Background: Ethnicity, along with a variety of genetic and environmental factors, is thought to influence the efficacy of antihypertensive therapies. Current UK guidelines use a “black versus white” approach; in doing so, they ignore the United Kingdom's largest ethnic minority: Asians from South Asia. Study design: The primary purpose of the AIM-HY INFORM trial is to identify potential differences in response to antihypertensive drugs used as mono- or dual therapy on the basis of self-defined ethnicity. A multicenter, prospective, open-label, randomized study with 2 parallel, independent trial arms (mono- and dual therapy), AIM-HY INFORM plans to enroll a total of 1,320 patients from across the United Kingdom. Those receiving monotherapy (n = 660) will enter a 3-treatment (amlodipine 10 mg od; lisinopril 20 mg od; chlorthalidone 25 mg od), 3-period crossover, lasting 24 weeks, whereas those receiving dual therapy (n = 660) will enter a 4-treatment (amlodipine 5 mg od and lisinopril 20 mg od; amlodipine 5 mg od and chlorthalidone 25 mg od; lisinopril 20 mg od and chlorthalidone 25 mg od; amiloride 10 mg od and chlorthalidone 25 mg od), 4-period crossover, lasting 32 weeks. Equal numbers of 3 ethnic groups (white, black/black British, and Asian/Asian British) will ultimately be recruited to each of the trial arms (ie, 220 participants per ethnic group per arm). Seated, automated, unattended, office, systolic blood pressure measured 8 weeks after each treatment period begins will serve as the primary outcome measure. Conclusion: AIM-HY INFORM is a prospective, open-label, randomized trial which aims to evaluate first- and second-line antihypertensive therapies for multiethnic populations.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The AIM-HY program is co-funded by the Medical Research Council and British Heart Foundation (Medical Research Council Reference: MR/M016560/1). I. B. W., C. M. M., and J. C. acknowledge funding support from the NIHR Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre. P. S. is the recipient of an NIHR Senior Investigator Award and receives support from the Biomedical Research Centre Award to Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. M. G's wor was supported by the Medical Research Council [grant number G510364]
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Padmanabhan, Professor Sandosh
Authors: Mukhtar, O., Cheriyan, J., Cockcroft, J. R., Collier, D., Coulson, J. M., Dasgupta, I., Faconti, L., Glover, M., Heagerty, A. M., Khong, T. K., Lip, G. Y.H., Mander, A. P., Marchong, M. N., Martin, U., McDonnell, B. J., McEniery, C. M., Padmanabhan, S., Saxena, M., Sever, P. J., Shiel, J. I., Wych, J., Chowienczyk, P. J., and Wilkinson, I. B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Heart Journal
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-8703
ISSN (Online):1097-6744
Published Online:20 May 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in American Heart Journal 204:102-108
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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