Entering and leaving employment in deprived neighbourhoods undergoing area regeneration

Kearns, A. and Mason, P. (2018) Entering and leaving employment in deprived neighbourhoods undergoing area regeneration. Local Economy, 33(5), pp. 537-561. (doi:10.1177/0269094218795595)

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Abstract

Concentrations of worklessness have been persistent in the UK for several decades but have not been tackled effectively by policy. An individualised approach to unemployment has existed, alongside employment policies without a strong geographical component. A reliance on area-based regeneration programmes has shifted from a property-led to a holistic approach, with the potential to address a range of factors associated with employment. To gauge the effectiveness and appropriateness of holistic area regeneration, this paper uses longitudinal survey data to examine movements into and out of employment for people living in deprived areas of Glasgow with concentrated worklessness and subject to area regeneration. There were modest net gains to employment over time in the study areas, and such gains were positively associated with traditional elements of regeneration such as housing improvements and community empowerment. However, other components of regeneration assumed to aid employment, such as social networks and participation in training, were found to have no effect. Other factors that were associated both with entering or leaving employment feature less frequently within regeneration programmes and require more integration into future approaches, particularly increasing physical activity among populations, helping people cope with physical and mental health issues, and improving transport and mobility.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mason, Dr Philip and Kearns, Professor Ade
Authors: Kearns, A., and Mason, P.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education > Social Justice Place and Lifelong Education
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Local Economy
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:0269-0942
ISSN (Online):1470-9325
Published Online:31 August 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Local Economy 33(5):537-561
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3013670GoWell: Glasgow Community Health and Wellbeing Research and Learning ProgrammeAde KearnsGlasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH)GoWellS&PS - Urban Studies