Management of chronic myeloid leukaemia in relapse following donor lymphocyte infusion induced remission: a retrospective study of the clinical trials committee of the British Society of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (BSBMT)

Cummins, M. et al. (2005) Management of chronic myeloid leukaemia in relapse following donor lymphocyte infusion induced remission: a retrospective study of the clinical trials committee of the British Society of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (BSBMT). Bone Marrow Transplantation, 36(12), pp. 1065-1069. (doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1705180)

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Abstract

Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) can restore remission in a high percentage of patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT). Subsequent relapses after a DLI-induced remission do occur and the optimal management of these patients is not defined. A retrospective study of the practice of UK transplant centres was conducted. In all, 13 patients from seven centres were identified: all were treated for relapse post allogeneic SCT with DLI and achieved either a complete cytogenetic (n = 5) or molecular (n = 8) remission. All patients subsequently had a second relapse, at molecular (n = 7), cytogenetic (n = 4) and haematological (n = 2) levels. Further DLI was used in the treatment of 11 patients, imatinib mesylate in three and chemotherapy in two. The two patients with haematological relapse died of blastic disease. The remaining 11 patients achieved either a complete cytogenetic (n = 2) or molecular (n = 9) remission. Nine patients remain in molecular remission at a median follow-up of 29 months, seven of whom had received DLI alone as treatment for second relapse, one DLI plus imatinib and one imatinib alone. Toxicity following DLI for second relapse was low. Longer follow-up will be required to see if these second DLI-induced remissions will be durable.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Parker, Dr Anne and Holyoake, Professor Tessa
Authors: Cummins, M., Cwynarski, K., Marktel, S., Dazzi, F., Cavenagh, J., Clark, R., Holyoake, T., Milligan, D., Parker, A., Russell, N., and Marks, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Bone Marrow Transplantation
ISSN:0268-3369

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