Hormonal regulation of hippocampal dendritic morphology and synaptic plasticity

Moult, P. R. and Harvey, J. (2008) Hormonal regulation of hippocampal dendritic morphology and synaptic plasticity. Cell Adhesion and Migration, 2(4), pp. 269-275. (doi:10.4161/cam.2.4.6354) (PMID:19262152) (PMCID:PMC2633690)

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Abstract

The peripheral functions of hormones such as leptin, insulin and estrogens are well documented. An important and rapidly expanding field is demonstrating that as well as their peripheral actions, these hormones play an important role in modulating synaptic function and structure within the CNS. The hippocampus is a major mediator of spatial learning and memory and is also an area highly susceptible to epileptic seizure. As such, the hippocampus has been extensively studied with particular regard to synaptic plasticity, a process thought to be necessary for learning and memory. Modulators of hippocampal function are therefore of particular interest, not only as potential modulators of learning and memory processes, but also with regard to CNS driven diseases such as epilepsy. Hormones traditionally thought of as only having peripheral roles are now increasingly being shown to have an important role in modulating synaptic plasticity and dendritic morphology. Here we review recent findings demonstrating that a number of hormones are capable of modulating both these phenomena.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Moult, Dr Peter
Authors: Moult, P. R., and Harvey, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Cell Adhesion and Migration
Publisher:Landes Bioscience
ISSN:1933-6918
ISSN (Online):1933-6926
Published Online:01 October 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Landes Bioscience
First Published:First published in Cell Adhesion and Migration 2(4): 269-275
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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