May the Force Be with You: Ultrasound Haptic Feedback for Mid-Air Gesture Interaction in Cars

Shakeri, G., Williamson, J. H. and Brewster, S. (2018) May the Force Be with You: Ultrasound Haptic Feedback for Mid-Air Gesture Interaction in Cars. In: 10th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI 2018), Toronto, ON, Canada, 23-25 Sep 2018, pp. 1-10. ISBN 9781450359467 (doi:10.1145/3239060.3239081)

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Abstract

The use of ultrasound haptic feedback for mid-air gestures in cars has been proposed to provide a sense of control over the user's intended actions and to add touch to a touchless interaction. However, the impact of ultrasound feedback to the gesturing hand regarding lane deviation, eyes-off-the-road time (EORT) and perceived mental demand has not yet been measured. This paper investigates the impact of uni- and multimodal presentation of ultrasound feedback on the primary driving task and the secondary gesturing task in a simulated driving environment. The multimodal combinations of ultrasound included visual, auditory, and peripheral lights. We found that ultrasound feedback presented uni-modally and bi-modally resulted in significantly less EORT compared to visual feedback. Our results suggest that multimodal ultrasound feedback for mid-air interaction decreases EORT whilst not compromising driving performance nor mental demand and thus can increase safety while driving.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Keywords:Ultrasound haptics, multimodal feedback, mid-air gestures.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Brewster, Professor Stephen and Shakeri, Gozel and Williamson, Dr John
Authors: Shakeri, G., Williamson, J. H., and Brewster, S.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Research Group:Glasgow Interactive Systems Group
ISBN:9781450359467
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 ACM
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications 2018:1-10
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
670071HappinessStephen BrewsterEuropean Commission (EC)645145COM - COMPUTING SCIENCE