Modeling of the hydrogen Lyman lines in solar flares

Brown, S. A., Fletcher, L. , Kerr, G. S., Labrosse, N. , Kowalski, A. F. and De La Cruz Rodríguez, J. (2018) Modeling of the hydrogen Lyman lines in solar flares. Astrophysical Journal, 862(1), 59. (doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aacc29)

Brown, S. A., Fletcher, L. , Kerr, G. S., Labrosse, N. , Kowalski, A. F. and De La Cruz Rodríguez, J. (2018) Modeling of the hydrogen Lyman lines in solar flares. Astrophysical Journal, 862(1), 59. (doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aacc29)

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Abstract

The hydrogen Lyman lines (91.2 nm < λ < 121.6 nm) are significant contributors to the radiative losses of the solar chromosphere, and they are enhanced during flares. We have shown previously that the Lyman lines observed by the Extreme Ultraviolet Variability instrument onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory exhibit Doppler motions equivalent to speeds on the order of 30 km s−1. However, contrary to expectations, both redshifts and blueshifts were present and no dominant flow direction was observed. To understand the formation of the Lyman lines, particularly their Doppler motions, we have used the radiative hydrodynamic code, RADYN, along with the radiative transfer code, RH, to simulate the evolution of the flaring chromosphere and the response of the Lyman lines during solar flares. We find that upflows in the simulated atmospheres lead to blueshifts in the line cores, which exhibit central reversals. We then model the effects of the instrument on the profiles, using the Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment (EVE) instrument's properties. What may be interpreted as downflows (redshifted emission) in the lines, after they have been convolved with the instrumental line profile, may not necessarily correspond to actual downflows. Dynamic features in the atmosphere can introduce complex features in the line profiles that will not be detected by instruments with the spectral resolution of EVE, but which leave more of a signature at the resolution of the Spectral Investigation of the Coronal Environment instrument onboard the Solar Orbiter.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fletcher, Professor Lyndsay and Labrosse, Dr Nicolas and Kerr, Graham and BROWN, Stephen
Authors: Brown, S. A., Fletcher, L., Kerr, G. S., Labrosse, N., Kowalski, A. F., and De La Cruz Rodríguez, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:0004-637X
ISSN (Online):1538-4357
Published Online:23 July 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The American Astronomical Society
First Published:First published in Astrophysical Journal 862(1): 59
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
631581Consolidated grant in solar and astrophysical plasmasLyndsay FletcherScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/L000741/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
728901Consolidated Grant in Solar PhysicsLyndsay FletcherScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/P000533/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
595181Chromospheric Flares: Observations, Models and Archives (CHROMA)Lyndsay FletcherEuropean Commission (EC)606862P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
679811STFC DTG 2014-2018Martin HendryScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/M503502/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY