Group-based healthy lifestyle workplace interventions for shift-workers: a systematic review

Demou, E. , MacLean, A., Cheripelli, L. J., Hunt, K. and Gray, C. M. (2018) Group-based healthy lifestyle workplace interventions for shift-workers: a systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 44(6), pp. 568-584. (doi:10.5271/sjweh.3763) (PMID:30196312)

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Abstract

Objective: Shift work is a risk factor for many chronic diseases and has been associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Workplaces have great potential for promoting and supporting behavior change. We conducted a systematic review of group-based lifestyle workplace interventions for shift workers to (i) identify adaptations and intervention components that accommodate shift working and (ii) assess their impact on weight, physical activity, sedentary behavior and healthy eating. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Scopus, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO and Ovid databases. Using pre-established criteria, independent pairs of researchers conducted the study selection, quality appraisal and data extraction. Results: In total, 22 studies on group-based workplace interventions for shift workers were included. Many demonstrated organizational level adaptations, such as flexible delivery times and paying employees’ time for their involvement. Delivery locations near the workplace and management support were other key features. Common intervention components included competitive group activities, individualized goal setting, self-monitoring and feedback, staff involvement in intervention delivery, and incentives. There was moderate evidence for effectiveness on weight and physical activity outcomes, but insufficient evidence for healthy eating outcomes. No interventions focusing on sedentary behavior among shift workers were found. Conclusion: Current evidence demonstrates that group-based workplace interventions can be effective for supporting shift workers to lose weight and increase physical activity, while further research is needed to change healthy eating and sedentary behaviors. Our findings offer decision support on organizational-level adaptations and intervention components that are important to make interventions that promote healthy lifestyles more accessible to shift workers.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Lucinda and Hunt, Professor Kathryn and Cheripelli, Mrs Lismy and Demou, Dr Evangelia and MacLean, Dr Flora
Authors: Demou, E., MacLean, A., Cheripelli, L. J., Hunt, K., and Gray, C. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Publisher:Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health
ISSN:0355-3140
ISSN (Online):1795-990X
Published Online:09 September 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
First Published:First published in Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 44(6): 568-584
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
615561Can a football-based weight management, physical activity and healthy living programme be adapted for delivery in secure institutional settings to support at risk groups in positive, sustainable ....Kathryn HuntChief Scientist office (CSO)CZH/4/886IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
727641SPHSU Core Renewal: Setting and Health Improvement Research ProgrammeKathryn HuntMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/12IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
620221MRC SPHSU/GU Transfer FellowshipsLaurence MooreMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_PC_13027IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU