Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarettes on vascular and respiratory function in healthy volunteers: a cross-over study

Kerr, D. M.I., Brooksbank, K. J.M., Taylor, R. G., Pinel, K., Rios, F. J. , Touyz, R. M. and Delles, C. (2019) Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarettes on vascular and respiratory function in healthy volunteers: a cross-over study. Journal of Hypertension, 37(1), pp. 154-166. (doi:10.1097/HJH.0000000000001890) (PMID:30063637)

Kerr, D. M.I., Brooksbank, K. J.M., Taylor, R. G., Pinel, K., Rios, F. J. , Touyz, R. M. and Delles, C. (2019) Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarettes on vascular and respiratory function in healthy volunteers: a cross-over study. Journal of Hypertension, 37(1), pp. 154-166. (doi:10.1097/HJH.0000000000001890) (PMID:30063637)

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Publisher's URL: https://journals.lww.com/jhypertension/Fulltext/2019/01000/Acute_effects_of_electronic_and_tobacco_cigarettes.24.aspx

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the acute effects of nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes versus tobacco smoking on vascular and respiratory function and circulating microparticles, particularly platelet microparticles (PMPs, biomarker of haemostasis/thrombosis) and endothelial microparticles (EMPs, biomarker of endothelial function). Methods: Heart rate (HR), blood pressure, reactive hyperaemia index (RHI, microvascular reactivity), augmentation index (arterial stiffness) and respiratory function were assessed in 20 smokers immediately before and after electronic cigarettes use and tobacco smoking. The number of microparticles was determined by flow cytometry using counting beads as a reference. Labelling with Annexin-V was used to detect the total microparticle fraction. EMPs were characterized as CD31+CD42− and PMPs as CD31+CD42+. Results: HR increased after electronic cigarettes use and tobacco smoking (P < 0.001), whereas blood pressure remained unchanged (P > 0.05). RHI (P = 0.006), augmentation index (P = 0.010) but not augmentation index standardized to HR 75 bpm (P > 0.05) increased with electronic cigarettes use but not with tobacco smoking. Following tobacco smoking, there was a significant increase in total microparticles (P < 0.001), EMPs (P < 0.001) and PMPs (P < 0.001). In contrast, electronic cigarettes were only associated with an increase in PMPs (P < 0.001), with no significant changes in the total microparticle fraction or EMPs (all P > 0.05). Peak expiratory flow significantly decreased following electronic cigarettes use (P = 0.019). Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that acute exposure to tobacco smoking as well as electronic cigarettes influences vascular and respiratory function. Where tobacco smoking significantly increased microparticle formation, indicative of possible endothelial injury, electronic cigarettes use induced vasoreactivity and decreased peak expiratory flow. These findings suggest that both electronic cigarettes and tobacco smoking negatively impact vascular function.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rios, Dr Francisco and Kerr, Dr Daniele and Brooksbank, Dr Katriona and Delles, Professor Christian and Pinel, Dr Karine and Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Kerr, D. M.I., Brooksbank, K. J.M., Taylor, R. G., Pinel, K., Rios, F. J., Touyz, R. M., and Delles, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Hypertension
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0263-6352
ISSN (Online):1473-5598
Published Online:30 July 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Hypertension 37(1): 156-166
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
617771BHF centre of excellenceRhian TouyzBritish Heart Foundation (BHF)RE/13/5/30177RI CARDIOVASCULAR & MEDICAL SCIENCES