Difference in the action spectra for UVR8 monomerisation and HY5 transcript accumulation in Arabidopsis

Díaz-Ramos, L. A., O'Hara, A., Kanagarajan, S., Farkas, D., Strid, Å. and Jenkins, G. I. (2018) Difference in the action spectra for UVR8 monomerisation and HY5 transcript accumulation in Arabidopsis. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, 17(8), pp. 1108-1117. (doi:10.1039/C8PP00138C) (PMID:29993086)

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Abstract

The photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) activates photomorphogenic responses when plants are exposed to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) light. However, whereas the absorption spectrum of UVR8 peaks at 280 nm, action spectra for several photomorphogenic UV-B responses show maximal photon effectiveness at 290–300 nm. To investigate this apparent discrepancy we measured the effectiveness of UV wavelengths in initiating two responses in Arabidopsis: photoconversion of homodimeric UVR8 into the monomeric form, which is active in signaling, and accumulation of transcripts of the ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) transcription factor, which has a key role in UVR8-mediated responses. When purified UVR8 or Arabidopsis leaf extracts were exposed to UV light monomerisation was maximal at approximately 280 nm, which correlates with the UVR8 absorption spectrum. When intact plants were exposed to UV, monomerisation was most strongly initiated at approximately 290 nm, and this shift in maximal effectiveness could be explained by strong absorption or reflectance at 280 nm by leaf tissue. Notably, the action spectrum for accumulation of HY5 transcripts in the same leaf tissue samples used to assay UVR8 dimer/monomer status peaked at approximately 300 nm. Possible reasons for the difference in maximal photon effectiveness of UVR8 monomerisation and HY5 transcript accumulation in leaf tissue are discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Aranzazú Díaz-Ramos was supported by a PhD studentship from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT). Andrew O’ Hara was supported by a UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council PhD studentship (University of Glasgow) and Sven and Lily Lawski’ s Foundation for Scientific Research (University of Örebro). Selvaraju Kanagarajan was supported by the Carl Trygger Foundation. Daniel Farkas was supported by the Faculty for Business, Science, and Technology at Örebro University. Åke Strid acknowledges financial support for this work from the Knowledge Foundation (kks.se) (20130164), FORMAS – a Swedish Research Council for Sustainable Development (formas.se), and the Faculty for Business, Science, and Technology at Örebro University.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jenkins, Professor Gareth and Diaz Ramos, Lourdes
Authors: Díaz-Ramos, L. A., O'Hara, A., Kanagarajan, S., Farkas, D., Strid, Å., and Jenkins, G. I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1474-905X
ISSN (Online):1474-9092
Published Online:05 July 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 17(8):1108-1117
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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