Huang, F., and Stott, D.I. (1995) Dual inhibitory and stimulatory activities in serum from SLE patients and lupus mice that regulate the proliferation of an IL-2-dependent T cell line. Lupus, 4 (4). pp. 297-303. ISSN 0961-2033
Full text not currently available from Enlighten.
In serum and plasma from SLE patients, we have detected elevated levels of factors which regulate proliferative responses of CTLL cells to IL-2. Serum samples containing these factors have dose-dependent dual inhibitory and stimulatory activities on the proliferation of this IL-2-dependent T lymphocyte cell line. At high concentrations, the serum factors inhibit the proliferative responses of CTLL cells to IL-2. At low concentrations, they synergise with IL-2 stimulating the growth of cells. Similar inhibitory activity, but with lower titre, was also found to be elevated in sera of some MRL/lpr mice, an animal model of SLE. Functional characterisation of the serum factors shows that: (1) the inhibitory activity cannot be neutralised by exogenous IL-2; (2) the stimulatory activity is not due to the presence of serum IL-2 but synergy of the factor with IL-2; (3) the factors bind directly to CTLL cells but they do not bind to protein A; and (4) the serum factors are not dialysable but heat labile. The possible pathological implications of the serum factors, particularly for the defective T cell functions in lupus disease, are discussed.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Stott, Professor David|
|Authors:||Huang, F., and Stott, D.I.|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences|