Antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in primary care: an updated and expanded meta-ethnography

Germeni, E. , Frost, J., Garside, R., Rogers, M., Valderas, J. M. and Britten, N. (2018) Antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in primary care: an updated and expanded meta-ethnography. British Journal of General Practice, 68(674), e633-e645. (doi: 10.3399/bjgp18X697889) (PMID:29914880)

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Abstract

Background: Reducing unnecessary prescribing remains a key priority for tackling the global rise of antibiotic-resistant infections. Aim: The authors sought to update a 2011 qualitative synthesis of GPs’ experiences of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), including their views of interventions aimed at more prudent prescribing. They expanded the original scope to encompass all primary care professionals (PCPs) who can prescribe or dispense antibiotics for ARTIs (for example, nurses and pharmacists). Design and setting: Systematic review and meta-ethnography of qualitative studies. Method: A systematic search was conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ASSIA, and Web of Science. No date or language restrictions were used. Identified studies were grouped according to their thematic focus (usual care versus intervention), and two separate syntheses were performed. Results: In all, 53 articles reporting the experiences of >1200 PCPs were included. Analysis of usual-care studies showed that PCPs tend to assume multiple roles in the context of ARTI consultations (the expert self, the benevolent self, the practical self), depending on the range of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and contextual situations in which they find themselves. Analysis of intervention studies identified four possible ways in which PCPs may experience quality improvement interventions (compromise, ‘supportive aids’, source of distress, and unnecessary). Conclusion: Contrary to the original review, these results suggest that the use of the same intervention is experienced in a totally different way by different PCPs, and that the same elements that are perceived as benefits by some could be viewed as drawbacks by others. Acceptability of interventions is likely to increase if these are context sensitive and take into account PCPs’ varying roles and changing priorities.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Evi Germeni was supported by an Advanced Postdoc Mobility grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (P300P1_164574). Ruth Garside, Morwenna Rogers, and Nicky Britten were partially supported by the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).
Keywords:Antibacterial agents, inappropriate prescribing, interventions, primary health care, qualitative research, respiratory tract infections.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Germeni, Dr Evi
Authors: Germeni, E., Frost, J., Garside, R., Rogers, M., Valderas, J. M., and Britten, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:British Journal of General Practice
Publisher:Royal College of General Practitioners
ISSN:0960-1643
ISSN (Online):1478-5242
Published Online:18 June 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 British Journal of General Practice
First Published:First published in British Journal of General Practice 68(674): e633-e645
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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