Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run

Abbott, B.P. et al. (2018) Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. Physical Review D, 97, 102002. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.102002)

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Abstract

Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Additional Information:The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and Advanced LIGO as well as the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom, the MaxPlanck-Society (MPS), and the State of Niedersachsen/ Germany for support of the construction of Advanced LIGO and construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. Additional support for Advanced LIGO was provided by the Australian Research Council. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector and the creation and support of the EGO consortium. The authors also gratefully acknowledge research support from these agencies as well as by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology, India, the Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), India, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India, the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación, the Vicepresid`encia i Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i Turisme and the Conselleria d’Educació i Universitat del Govern de les Illes Balears, the Conselleria d’Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport de la Generalitat Valenciana, the National Science Centre of Poland, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the Russian Science Foundation, the European Commission, the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF), the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA), the Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the National Research, Development and Innovation Office Hungary (NKFI), the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations, and Communications, the International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTPSAIFR), the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Leverhulme Trust, the Research Corporation, theMinistry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan and the Kavli Foundation. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the NSF, STFC, MPS, INFN, CNRS and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for provision of computational resources.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:TOLAND, Karl and Grant, Mr Alastair and Pearlstone, Brynley and Robie, Raymond and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Isa, Hafizah Noor Binti and Bell, Dr Angus and Pascucci, Daniela and Hammond, Professor Giles and Hild, Professor Stefan and Barr, Dr Bryan and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Lee, Kyung Ha and Keitel, David and Leavey, Mr Sean and Barclay, Sheena Elaine and Gabbard, Hunter Arthur and Steinlechner, Dr Jessica and Veitch, Dr John and Phelps, Margot H and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and van Veggel, Dr Anna-Maria and Houston, Mr Ewan and Newton, Dr Gavin and Zhang, Teng and Graef, Dr Christian and Hendry, Professor Martin and Scott, Dr Jamie and Mangano, Valentina and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Martin, Dr Iain and Robertson, Professor Norna and Tornasi, Zeno and SPENCER, Andrew and Cumming, Dr Alan and Masso Herrera, Mariela and WILLIAMS, DANIEL and Cunningham, Dr William and Woan, Professor Graham and WRIGHT, Jennifer and Steinlechner, Dr Sebastian and Powell, Jade and Hough, Professor James and Huttner, Dr Sabina and FLETCHER, MARK and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Jones, Mr Russell and Hennig, Jan Simon and DOUGLAS, Rebecca and Haughian, Dr Karen and HART, Martin and Chan, Man Leong and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter
Authors: Abbott, B.P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T.D., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adams, T., Addesso, P., Adhikari, R.X., Adya, V.B., Affeldt, C., Afrough, M., Agarwal, B., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O.D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Altin, P.A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S.B., Anderson, W.G., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M.C., Areeda, J.S., Arnaud, N., Arun, K.G., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Ast, M., Aston, S.M., Astone, P., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., AultONeal, K., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Bader, M.K.M., Bae, S., Baker, P.T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S.W., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J.C., Barclay, S.E., Barish, B.C., Barker, D., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Batch, J.C., Baune, C., Bawaj, M., Bazzan, M., Bécsy, B., Beer, C., Bejger, M., Belahcene, I., Bell, A.S., Berger, B.K., Bergmann, G., Berry, C.P.L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhagwat, S., Bhandare, R., Bilenko, I.A., Billingsley, G., Billman, C.R., Birch, J., Birney, R., Birnholtz, O., Biscans, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Biwer, C., Bizouard, M.A., Blackburn, J.K., Blackman, J., Blair, C.D., Blair, D.G., Blair, R.M., Bloemen, S., Bock, O., Bode, N., Boer, M., Bogaert, G., Bohe, A., Bondu, F., Bonnand, R., Boom, B.A., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P.R., Braginsky, V.B., Branchesi, M., Brau, J.E., Briant, T., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brisson, V., Brockill, P., Broida, J.E., Brooks, A.F., Brown, D.A., Brown, D.D., Brown, N.M., Brunett, S., Buchanan, C.C., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H.J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R.L., Cabero, M., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Calderón Bustillo, J., Callister, T.A., Calloni, E., Camp, J.B., Canepa, M., Canizares, P., Cannon, K.C., Cao, H., Cao, J., Capano, C.D., Capocasa, E., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Carney, M.F., Casanueva Diaz, J., Casentini, C., Caudill, S., Cavaglià, M., Cavalier, F., Cavalieri, R., Cella, G., Cepeda, C.B., Cerboni Baiardi, L., Cerretani, G., Cesarini, E., Chamberlin, S.J., Chan, M., Chao, S., Charlton, P., Chassande-Mottin, E., Chatterjee, D., Cheeseboro, B.D., Chen, H.Y., Chen, Y., Cheng, H.-P., Chincarini, A., Chiummo, A., Chmiel, T., Cho, H.S., Cho, M., Chow, J.H., Christensen, N., Chu, Q., Chua, A.J.K., Chua, S., Chung, A.K.W., Chung, S., Ciani, G., Ciolfi, R., Cirelli, C.E., Cirone, A., Clara, F., Clark, J.A., Cleva, F., Cocchieri, C., Coccia, E., Cohadon, P.-F., Colla, A., Collette, C.G., Cominsky, L.R., Constancio, M., Conti, L., Cooper, S.J., Corban, P., Corbitt, T.R., Corley, K.R., Cornish, N., Corsi, A., Cortese, S., Costa, C.A., Coughlin, M.W., Coughlin, S.B., Coulon, J.-P., Countryman, S.T., Couvares, P., Covas, P.B., Cowan, E.E., Coward, D.M., Cowart, M.J., Coyne, D.C., Coyne, R., Creighton, J.D.E., Creighton, T.D., Cripe, J., Crowder, S.G., Cullen, T.J., Cumming, A., Cunningham, L., Cuoco, E., Dal Canton, T., Danilishin, S.L., D’Antonio, S., Danzmann, K., Dasgupta, A., Da Silva Costa, C.F., Dattilo, V., Dave, I., Davier, M., Davis, D., Daw, E.J., Day, B., De, S., DeBra, D., Degallaix, J., De Laurentis, M., Deléglise, S., Del Pozzo, W., Denker, T., Dent, T., Dergachev, V., De Rosa, R., DeRosa, R.T., DeSalvo, R., Devenson, J., Devine, R.C., Dhurandhar, S., Díaz, M.C., Di Fiore, L., Di Giovanni, M., Di Girolamo, T., Di Lieto, A., Di Pace, S., Di Palma, I., Di Renzo, F., Doctor, Z., Dolique, V., Donovan, F., Dooley, K.L., Doravari, S., Dorrington, I., Douglas, R., Dovale Álvarez, M., Downes, T.P., Drago, M., Drever, R.W.P., Driggers, J. 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Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2470-0010
ISSN (Online):2470-0029
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review D 97:102002
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
713721Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713722Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713723Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY