Search for tensor, vector, and scalar polarizations in the stochastic gravitational-wave background

Abbott, B.P. et al. (2018) Search for tensor, vector, and scalar polarizations in the stochastic gravitational-wave background. Physical Review Letters, 120, 201102. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.201102) (PMID:29864331)

Abbott, B.P. et al. (2018) Search for tensor, vector, and scalar polarizations in the stochastic gravitational-wave background. Physical Review Letters, 120, 201102. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.201102) (PMID:29864331)

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Abstract

The detection of gravitational waves with Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo has enabled novel tests of general relativity, including direct study of the polarization of gravitational waves. While general relativity allows for only two tensor gravitational-wave polarizations, general metric theories can additionally predict two vector and two scalar polarizations. The polarization of gravitational waves is encoded in the spectral shape of the stochastic gravitational-wave background, formed by the superposition of cosmological and individually unresolved astrophysical sources. Using data recorded by Advanced LIGO during its first observing run, we search for a stochastic background of generically polarized gravitational waves. We find no evidence for a background of any polarization, and place the first direct bounds on the contributions of vector and scalar polarizations to the stochastic background. Under log-uniform priors for the energy in each polarization, we limit the energy densities of tensor, vector, and scalar modes at 95% credibility to OT0<5.6×10-8 , OV0<6.4×10-8, and OS0<1.1×10-7 at a reference frequency f0=25 Hz.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Additional Information:The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation (NSF) for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and Advanced LIGO as well as the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom, the MaxPlanck-Society (MPS), and the State of Niedersachsen, Germany for support of the construction of Advanced LIGO and construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. Additional support for Advanced LIGO was provided by the Australian Research Council. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector and the creation and support of the EGO consortium. The authors also gratefully acknowledge research support from these agencies as well as by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology, India, the Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), India, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India, the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación, the Vicepresid`encia i Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i Turisme and the Conselleria d’Educació i Universitat del Govern de les Illes Balears, the Conselleria d’Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport de la Generalitat Valenciana, the National Science Centre of Poland, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the Russian Science Foundation, the European Commission, the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF), the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA), the Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the Paris Îlede-France Region, the National Research, Development and Innovation Office Hungary (NKFI), the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations, and Communications, the International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR), the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Leverhulme Trust, the Research Corporation, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan and the Kavli Foundation. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the NSF, STFC, MPS, INFN, CNRS and the State of Niedersachsen, Germany for provision of computational resources.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:TOLAND, Karl and Grant, Mr Alastair and Pearlstone, Brynley and Robie, Raymond and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Isa, Hafizah Noor Binti and Bell, Dr Angus and Pascucci, Daniela and Hammond, Professor Giles and Hild, Professor Stefan and Barr, Dr Bryan and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Lee, Kyung Ha and Keitel, David and Leavey, Mr Sean and Barclay, Sheena Elaine and Gabbard, Hunter Arthur and Steinlechner, Dr Jessica and Veitch, Dr John and Houston, Ewan and Phelps, Margot H and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and Dupej, Peter and van Veggel, Dr Anna-Maria and Newton, Dr Gavin and Zhang, Teng and Graef, Dr Christian and Hendry, Professor Martin and Scott, Dr Jamie and Mangano, Valentina and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Martin, Dr Iain and Robertson, Professor Norna and Chan, Mr Man Leong and Tornasi, Zeno and SPENCER, Andrew and Cumming, Dr Alan and Masso Herrera, Mariela and WILLIAMS, DANIEL and Cunningham, Dr William and Tait, Simon and WRIGHT, Jennifer and Steinlechner, Dr Sebastian and Hough, Professor James and Bayley, Joseph and Huttner, Dr Sabina and FLETCHER, MARK and Strain, Professor Kenneth and DOUGLAS, Rebecca and Hennig, Jan Simon and Jones, Mr Russell and Haughian, Dr Karen and HART, Martin and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter
Authors: Abbott, B.P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T.D., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adams, T., Addesso, P., Adhikari, R.X., Adya, V.B., Affeldt, C., Afrough, M., Agarwal, B., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O.D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Altin, P.A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S.B., Anderson, W.G., Angelova, S.V., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M.C., Areeda, J.S., Arnaud, N., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Ast, M., Aston, S.M., Astone, P., Atallah, D.V., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Bader, M.K.M., Bae, S., Baker, P.T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S.W., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J.C., Barclay, S.E., Barish, B.C., Barker, D., Barkett, K., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Batch, J.C., Bawaj, M., Bayley, J.C., Bazzan, M., Bécsy, B., Beer, C., Bejger, M., Belahcene, I., Bell, A.S., Berger, B.K., Bergmann, G., Bero, J.J., Berry, C.P.L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhagwat, S., Bhandare, R., Bilenko, I.A., Billingsley, G., Billman, C.R., Birch, J., Birney, R., Birnholtz, O., Biscans, S., Biscoveanu, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Biwer, C., Bizouard, M.A., Blackburn, J.K., Blackman, J., Blair, C.D., Blair, D.G., Blair, R.M., Bloemen, S., Bock, O., Bode, N., Boer, M., Bogaert, G., Bohe, A., Bondu, F., Bonilla, E., Bonnand, R., Boom, B.A., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bossie, K., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P.R., Branchesi, M., Brau, J.E., Briant, T., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brisson, V., Brockill, P., Broida, J.E., Brooks, A.F., Brown, D.A., Brown, D.D., Brunett, S., Buchanan, C.C., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H.J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R.L., Cabero, M., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Calderón Bustillo, J., Callister, T.A., Calloni, E., Camp, J.B., Canepa, M., Canizares, P., Cannon, K.C., Cao, H., Cao, J., Capano, C.D., Capocasa, E., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Carney, M.F., Diaz, J. C., Casentini, C., Caudill, S., Cavaglià, M., Cavalier, F., Cavalieri, R., Cella, G., Cepeda, C.B., Cerdá-Durán, P., Cerretani, G., Cesarini, E., Chamberlin, S.J., Chan, M., Chao, S., Charlton, P., Chase, E., Chassande-Mottin, E., Chatterjee, D., Cheeseboro, B.D., Chen, H.Y., Chen, X., Chen, Y., Cheng, H.-P., Chia, H., Chincarini, A., Chiummo, A., Chmiel, T., Cho, H.S., Cho, M., Chow, J.H., Christensen, N., Chu, Q., Chua, A.J.K., Chua, S., Chung, A.K.W., Chung, S., Ciani, G., Ciolfi, R., Cirelli, C.E., Cirone, A., Clara, F., Clark, J.A., Clearwater, P., Cleva, F., Cocchieri, C., Coccia, E., Cohadon, P.-F., Cohen, D., Colla, A., Collette, C.G., Cominsky, L.R., Constancio, M., Conti, L., Cooper, S.J., Corban, P., Corbitt, T.R., Cordero-Carrión, I., Corley, K.R., Cornish, N., Corsi, A., Cortese, S., Costa, C.A., Coughlin, E., Coughlin, M.W., Coughlin, S.B., Coulon, J.-P., Countryman, S.T., Couvares, P., Covas, P.B., Cowan, E.E., Coward, D.M., Cowart, M.J., Coyne, D.C., Coyne, R., Creighton, J.D.E., Creighton, T.D., Cripe, J., Crowder, S.G., Cullen, T.J., Cumming, A., Cunningham, L., Cuoco, E., Canton, T.D., Dálya, G., Danilishin, S.L., D’Antonio, S., Danzmann, K., Dasgupta, A., Da Silva Costa, C.F., Dattilo, V., Dave, I., Davier, M., Davis, D., Daw, E.J., Day, B., De, S., DeBra, D., Degallaix, J., De Laurentis, M., Deléglise, S., Del Pozzo, W., Demos, N., Denker, T., Dent, T., De Pietri, R., Dergachev, V., De Rosa, R., DeRosa, R.T., De Rossi, C., DeSalvo, R., de Varona, O., Devenson, J., Dhurandhar, S., Díaz, M.C., Di Fiore, L., Di Giovanni, M., Di Girolamo, T., Di Lieto, A., Di Pace, S., Di Palma, I., Di Renzo, F., Doctor, Z., Dolique, V., Donovan, F., Dooley, K.L., Doravari, S., Dorrington, I., Douglas, R., Dovale Álvarez, M., Downes, T.P., Drago, M., Dreissigacker, C., Driggers, J.C., Du, Z., Ducrot, M., Dupej, P., Dwyer, S.E., Edo, T.B., Edwards, M.C., Effler, A., Eggenstein, H.-B., Ehrens, P., Eichholz, J., Eikenberry, S.S., Eisenstein, R.A., Essick, R.C., Estevez, D., Etienne, Z., Etzel, T., Evans, M., Evans, T.M., Factourovich, M., Fafone, V., Fair, H., Fairhurst, S., Fan, X., Farinon, S., Farr, B., Farr, W.M., Fauchon-Jones, E.J., Favata, M., Fays, M., Fee, C., Fehrmann, H., Feicht, J., Fejer, M.M., Fernandez-Galiana, A., Ferrante, I., Ferreira, E.C., Ferrini, F., Fidecaro, F., Finstad, D., Fiori, I., Fiorucci, D., Fishbach, M., Fisher, R.P., Fitz-Axen, M., Flaminio, R., Fletcher, M., Fong, H., Font, J.A., Forsyth, P.W.F., Forsyth, S.S., Fournier, J.-D., Frasca, S., Frasconi, F., Frei, Z., Freise, A., Frey, R., Frey, V., Fries, E.M., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V.V., Fulda, P., Fyffe, M., Gabbard, H., Gadre, B.U., Gaebel, S.M., Gair, J. 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G., Thomas, M., Thomas, P., Thorne, K.A., Thrane, E., Tiwari, S., Tiwari, V., Tokmakov, K.V., Toland, K., Tonelli, M., Tornasi, Z., Torres-Forné, A., Torrie, C.I., Töyrä, D., Travasso, F., Traylor, G., Trinastic, J., Tringali, M.C., Trozzo, L., Tsang, K.W., Tse, M., Tso, R., Tsukada, L., Tsuna, D., Tuyenbayev, D., Ueno, K., Ugolini, D., Unnikrishnan, C.S., Urban, A.L., Usman, S.A., Vahlbruch, H., Vajente, G., Valdes, G., van Bakel, N., van Beuzekom, M., van den Brand, J.F.J., Van Den Broeck, C., Vander-Hyde, D.C., van der Schaaf, L., van Heijningen, J.V., van Veggel, A.A., Vardaro, M., Varma, V., Vass, S., Vasúth, M., Vecchio, A., Vedovato, G., Veitch, J., Veitch, P.J., Venkateswara, K., Venugopalan, G., Verkindt, D., Vetrano, F., Viceré, A., Viets, A.D., Vinciguerra, S., Vine, D.J., Vinet, J.-Y., Vitale, S., Vo, T., Vocca, H., Vorvick, C., Vyatchanin, S.P., Wade, A.R., Wade, L.E., Wade, M., Walet, R., Walker, M., Wallace, L., Walsh, S., Wang, G., Wang, H., Wang, J.Z., Wang, W.H., Wang, Y.F., Ward, R.L., Warner, J., Was, M., Watchi, J., Weaver, B., Wei, L.-W., Weinert, M., Weinstein, A.J., Weiss, R., Wen, L., Wessel, E.K., Weßels, P., Westerweck, J., Westphal, T., Wette, K., Whelan, J.T., Whiting, B.F., Whittle, C., Wilken, D., Williams, D., Williams, R.D., Williamson, A.R., Willis, J.L., Willke, B., Wimmer, M.H., Winkler, W., Wipf, C.C., Wittel, H., Woan, G., Woehler, J., Wofford, J., Wong, K.W.K., Worden, J., Wright, J.L., Wu, D.S., Wysocki, D.M., Xiao, S., Yamamoto, H., Yancey, C.C., Yang, L., Yap, M.J., Yazback, M., Yu, H., Yu, H., Yvert, M., Zadrożny, A., Zanolin, M., Zelenova, T., Zendri, J.-P., Zevin, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Zhang, T., Zhang, Y.-H., Zhao, C., Zhou, M., Zhou, Z., Zhu, S.J., Zhu, X.J., Zucker, M.E., and Zweizig, J.
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Research Group:Institute for Gravitational Research
Journal Name:Physical Review Letters
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
ISSN (Online):1079-7114
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
713721Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713722Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
713723Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY