Selective use of radiation for locally advanced rectal cancer: one size does not fit all

Roxburgh, C. S. and Weiser, M. R. (2018) Selective use of radiation for locally advanced rectal cancer: one size does not fit all. Minerva Chirurgica, 73(6), pp. 592-600. (doi: 10.23736/S0026-4733.18.07791-X) (PMID:29806758)

163581.pdf - Accepted Version



Introduction: The last three decades have seen several major advances in the multidisciplinary management of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Although rectal cancer management varies globally, the standard of care for clinical stage II/III rectal cancer in North America remains chemoradiation followed by total mesorectal excision and adjuvant therapy. Evidence Acquisition: In this review we evaluate the evidence for neoadjuvant therapy in LARC and the variety of treatment options available. Evidence Synthesis: We identify heterogeneity of outcomes in stage II/III rectal cancer, leading to the potential for overtreatment. The PROSPECT trial is a multi-centre, international effort to determine whether a selective approach to provision of radiotherapy in stage II/ III LARC is a viable treatment option. Unlike many other studies, the aim of PROSPECT is to reduce treatment rather than increase the intensity of preoperative therapy. Conclusions: LARC is a heterogeneous disease with varying risk of relapse. Studies are underway to attempt to individualise care to avoid overtreatment while maintaining excellent oncologic outcomes.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Roxburgh, Professor Campbell
Authors: Roxburgh, C. S., and Weiser, M. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Minerva Chirurgica
Publisher:Edizioni Minerva Medica
ISSN (Online):1827-1626
Published Online:25 May 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Edizioni Minerva Medica
First Published:First published in Minerva Chirurgica 73(6):592-600
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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