Neutrophil migration and adhesion molecule expression after acute high-intensity street dance exercise

Borges, L., Dermargos, A., Gray, S. , Barros Silva, M. B., Santos, V., Pithon-Curi, T. C., Gorjão, R. and Hatanaka, E. (2018) Neutrophil migration and adhesion molecule expression after acute high-intensity street dance exercise. Journal of Immunology Research, 2018, 1684013. (doi: 10.1155/2018/1684013) (PMID:30069484) (PMCID:PMC6057282)

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Abstract

The physical demands of street dancing may result in inflammation and changes in leukocyte numbers/function, impairing the health of dancers. Herein, we investigated the effect of street dancing on inflammation, adhesion molecules, and neutrophil function. Fifteen amateur dancers (mean ± SE: age 22.4 ± 1.08 years, BMI 24.8 ± 0.69 kg/m2, and body fat 12.3 ± 1.52%) participated in a single high-intensity street dance class. Blood samples were taken before and after the class. The dance class had no effect on the plasma concentration of CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-8; however, we noted an increase in levels of IL-1β (4.06%) and sL-selectin (17.67%). The dance class resulted in a 12.36% increase in neutrophil counts, while neutrophil CD62L expression and migration were reduced (25.27% and 78.92%, resp.). After the dance class, neutrophil production of IL-8 and TNF-α increased, respectively, by 59.75% and 49.23%, in the control condition, and 43.55% and 32.22%, after LPS stimulation. A single bout of street dancing induced inflammation and reduced neutrophil migration and adhesion molecule expression. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the susceptibility to infection after acute dance exercise.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Dr Stuart
Authors: Borges, L., Dermargos, A., Gray, S., Barros Silva, M. B., Santos, V., Pithon-Curi, T. C., Gorjão, R., and Hatanaka, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology Research
Publisher:Hindawi
ISSN:2314-8861
ISSN (Online):2314-7156
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Leandro Borges et al.
First Published:First published in Journal of Immunology Research 2018:1684013
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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