Non-Poisson variations in photomultipliers and implications for luminescence dating

Carter, J., Cresswell, A.J. , Kinnaird, T.C., Carmichael, L.A., Murphy, S. and Sanderson, D.C.W. (2018) Non-Poisson variations in photomultipliers and implications for luminescence dating. Radiation Measurements, 120, pp. 267-273. (doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2018.05.010)

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Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that excess variations from single-photon counting systems used in luminescence dating may result in underestimation of errors and profoundly influence age models. In this study ten different photon counting systems have been investigated to explore this effect with a greater number of photomultiplier types and instrumental architectures. It is shown that radiation induced phosphorescence from F1 feldspar produces a controllable low-level light source whose local variance approximates Poisson expectations. However excess variation in dark counts was observed to varying extents from all systems. The excess variance is slightly anti-correlated with the age of the system, with older devices conforming more closely to Poisson behaviour. This observation does not seem to fit the hypothesis that enhanced levels of helium diffused into older tubes increase non-Poisson components. It was noted that a significant part of the non-Poisson behaviour was associated with multi-event pulse streams within time series. Work was also undertaken to develop mitigation methods for data analysis and to examine the implications for dating uncertainties in a test case. A Poisson-filtering algorithm was developed to identify and remove improbable multi-event streams. Application to data from signal-limited single grains of sediments from a Neolithic chambered tomb in Corsica has shown that, for this case, removing non-Poisson components improves the robustness of retained data, but has less influence on overall dating precision or accuracy. In signal limited applications use of this algorithm to remove one source of excess variation is beneficial. The algorithm and test data are appended to facilitate this.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sanderson, Professor David and Carter, John and Kinnaird, Dr Timothy and Murphy, Mr Simon and Cresswell, Dr Alan and Carmichael, Dr Lorna
Authors: Carter, J., Cresswell, A.J., Kinnaird, T.C., Carmichael, L.A., Murphy, S., and Sanderson, D.C.W.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Radiation Measurements
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1350-4487
ISSN (Online):1879-0925
Published Online:22 May 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Radiation Measurements 120: 267-273
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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