Prevalence of under and over weight in children with neurodisability, using body composition measures

Lip, S. Z. L., Chillingworth, A. and Wright, C. M. (2018) Prevalence of under and over weight in children with neurodisability, using body composition measures. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72, pp. 1451-1454. (doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0168-0) (PMID:29695762)

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We aimed to compare rates of under and overweight in children with different neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) by measuring weight, height/length, arm-to-leg bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and subscapular and triceps skinfolds in 146 children aged 4-16 years attending special schools. Z scores were calculated and skinfolds and lean mass Z scores were further adjusted for height. Underweight was found in 9% (14) children (body mass index (BMI) < 2nd) but only 3% (4) had skinfolds <5th centile. Overweight was much commoner, with 41% (58) children having BMI > 95th and 20% (14) had skinfolds >95th centile. Children with cerebral palsy were very short with low BMI and lean mass, but only 8% (3) had skinfolds <5th centile. The children with Down syndrome were also very short and once adjusted for height, half had skinfolds >95th centile. We conclude that overweight and raised body fat is now common in children with NDD, even when the BMI is low.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was supported by the Paediatric Epidemiology and Child Health Unit, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill and the University of Glasgow
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lip, Dr Stefanie and Wright, Professor Charlotte
Authors: Lip, S. Z. L., Chillingworth, A., and Wright, C. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1476-5640
Published Online:26 April 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
First Published:First published in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72:1451-1454
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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