Relation of high serum bilirubin to short-term mortality following a myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular systolic dysfunction (from the High-Risk Myocardial Infarction Database Initiative)

Frikha, Z., Ferreira, J. P., Bozec, E., McMurray, J. J.V. , Pitt, B., Dickstein, K., Rossignol, P., Zannad, F. and Girerd, N. (2018) Relation of high serum bilirubin to short-term mortality following a myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular systolic dysfunction (from the High-Risk Myocardial Infarction Database Initiative). American Journal of Cardiology, 121(9), pp. 1015-1020. (doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.01.012) (PMID:29631805)

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Abstract

Higher serum bilirubin has been associated with poorer prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the association between serum bilirubin and clinical outcomes in patients with clinical signs of HF and/or left ventricular systolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 7,467 patients from the High-Risk Myocardial Infarction Database Initiative with an available baseline total bilirubin concentration were studied. The association between baseline bilirubin concentrations and the composite outcome of cardiovascular mortality (CVM), nonfatal stroke, nonfatal MI or hospitalization for HF, CVM, and all-cause mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models. An interaction with time was observed with associations present only in the first 90 days after randomization. The median (percentile ) baseline total bilirubin concentration was 11 (8 to 14) µmol/L and was above the "normal" range (>17.1 µmol/L) in 1,053 (14.1%) patients. In multivariable analysis, with adjustment for baseline characteristics (demographic, co-morbidities, Killip score, left ventricular ejection fraction, and laboratory variables), patients with a bilirubin concentration of >17.1 µmol/L had a significantly higher risk of all the studied outcomes at 90 days (e.g., CVM: adjusted hazard ratio 1.45, 95% confidence interval 1.14 to 1.86, p = 0.003). The addition of bilirubin to a validated survival model modestly improved the risk reclassification to predict 90-day events (continuous net reclassification improvement for CVM 6.4%, 95% confidence interval 0.7% to 9.6%, p = 0.04). In patients with MI complicated with HF and/or systolic dysfunction, bilirubin concentration is an independent predictor of mortality and may improve risk stratification.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Frikha, Z., Ferreira, J. P., Bozec, E., McMurray, J. J.V., Pitt, B., Dickstein, K., Rossignol, P., Zannad, F., and Girerd, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Cardiology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9149
ISSN (Online):1879-1913
Published Online:05 February 2018

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