Hyperactive ryanodine receptors in human heart failure and ischemic cardiomyopathy reside outside of couplons

Dries, E. et al. (2018) Hyperactive ryanodine receptors in human heart failure and ischemic cardiomyopathy reside outside of couplons. Cardiovascular Research, 114(11), pp. 1512-1524. (doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvy088) (PMID:29668881) (PMCID:PMC6106102)

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Aims: In ventricular myocytes from humans and large mammals, the transverse and axial tubular system (TATS) network is less extensive than in rodents with consequently a greater proportion of ryanodine receptors (RyRs) not coupled to this membrane system. TATS remodeling in heart failure (HF) and after myocardial infarction (MI) increases the fraction of non-coupled RyR. Here we investigate whether this remodeling alters the activity of coupled and non-coupled RyR sub-populations through changes in local signaling. We study myocytes from patients with end-stage heart failure (HF), compared to non-failing (non-HF), and myocytes from pigs with MI and reduced left ventricular (LV) function, compared to sham intervention (SHAM). Methods and Results: Single LV myocytes for functional studies were isolated according to standard protocols. Immunofluorescent staining visualized organization of TATS and RyRs. Ca2+ was measured by confocal imaging (fluo-4 as indicator) and using whole cell patch clamp (37 °C). Spontaneous Ca2+ release events, Ca2+ sparks, as a readout for RyR activity were recorded during a 15 s period following conditioning stimulation at 2 Hz. Sparks were assigned to cell regions categorized as coupled or non-coupled sites according to a previously developed method. Human HF myocytes had more non-coupled sites and these had more spontaneous activity than in non-HF. Hyperactivity of these non-coupled RyRs was reduced by calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) inhibition. Myocytes from MI pigs had similar changes compared to sham controls as seen in human HF myocytes. As well as by CaMKII inhibition, in MI, the increased activity of non-coupled sites was inhibited by mitochondrial ROS (mito-ROS) scavenging. Under adrenergic stimulation, Ca2+ waves were more frequent and originated at non-coupled sites, generating larger Na+/Ca2+ exchange currents in MI than in SHAM. Inhibition of CaMKII or mito-ROS scavenging reduced spontaneous Ca2+ waves, and improved excitation-contraction coupling. Conclusions: In HF and after MI, RyR microdomain re-organization enhances spontaneous Ca2+ release at non-coupled sites in a manner dependent on CaMKII activation and mito-ROS production. This specific modulation generates a substrate for arrhythmia that appears to be responsive to selective pharmacologic modulation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Interuniversity Attraction Poles P7/10 to K.R.S., the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) (project grants to K.R.S. and H.L.R.; postdoctoral fellowship to E.D., D.M.J., I.L. and PhD fellowship to E.D.) and Fondation Leducq Award to The Transatlantic Alliance for Calmodulin Kinase II Signalling in Heart Failure and Arrhythmias.
Keywords:Physiology (medical), physiology, cardiology and cardiovascular medicine.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacQuaide, Dr Niall
Authors: Dries, E., Santiago, D. J., Gilbert, G., Lenaerts, I., Vandenberk, B., Nagaraju, C. K., Johnson, D. M., Holemans, P., Roderick, H. L., MacQuaide, N., Claus, P., and Sipido, K. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Cardiovascular Research
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1755-3245
Published Online:14 April 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Cardiovascular Research 114(11): 1512-1524
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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