Diagnosis and management of sepsis

Evans, T. (2018) Diagnosis and management of sepsis. Clinical Medicine, 18(2), pp. 146-149. (doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.18-2-146) (PMID:29626019)

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Abstract

Sepsis is a common condition with high morbidity and mortality. Although many patients may require critical care, this article considers the features of sepsis that are of most relevance to acute general physicians. Recently updated definitions of sepsis and septic shock have been proposed which better identify patients who are likely to have a poor outcome, and therefore give an opportunity to escalate care. Despite these advances, there is still no molecular signature able to diagnose sepsis. Pathogenesis is complex, with many immune and non-immune mediators involved. Four key areas are endothelial dysfunction, coagulation abnormalities, alterations in cell function and dysregulated cardiovascular responses. No specific therapy targeting the mediators of sepsis has yet proven effective. Prompt administration of appropriate antibiotics is of benefit, together with fluid resuscitation and oxygen.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Critical care, infection, sepsis.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Tom
Authors: Evans, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Clinical Medicine
Publisher:Royal College of Physicians
ISSN:1470-2118
ISSN (Online):1473-4893
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Royal College of Physicians
First Published:First published in Clinical Medicine 18(2):146-149
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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