FXYD1 phosphorylation in vitro and in adult rat cardiac myocytes: threonine 69 is a novel substrate for protein kinase C

Fuller, W. , Howie, J., McLatchie, L. M., Weber, R. J., Hastie, C. J., Burness, K., Pavlovic, D. and Shattock, M. J. (2009) FXYD1 phosphorylation in vitro and in adult rat cardiac myocytes: threonine 69 is a novel substrate for protein kinase C. American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology, 296(6), C1346-C1355. (doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00523.2008) (PMID:19339511) (PMCID:PMC2692419)

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Abstract

FXYD1 (phospholemman), the primary sarcolemmal kinase substrate in the heart, is a regulator of the cardiac sodium pump. We investigated phosphorylation of FXYD1 peptides by purified kinases using HPLC, mass spectrometry, and Edman sequencing, and FXYD1 phosphorylation in cultured adult rat ventricular myocytes treated with PKA and PKC agonists by phosphospecific immunoblotting. PKA phosphorylates serines 63 and 68 (S63 and S68) and PKC phosphorylates S63, S68, and a new site, threonine 69 (T69). In unstimulated myocytes, FXYD1 is ∼30% phosphorylated at S63 and S68, but barely phosphorylated at T69. S63 and S68 are rapidly dephosphorylated following acute inhibition of PKC in unstimulated cells. Receptor-mediated PKC activation causes sustained phosphorylation of S63 and S68, but transient phosphorylation of T69. To characterize the effect of T69 phosphorylation on sodium pump function, we measured pump currents using whole cell voltage clamping of cultured adult rat ventricular myocytes with 50 mM sodium in the patch pipette. Activation of PKA or PKC increased pump currents (from 2.1 ± 0.2 pA/pF in unstimulated cells to 2.9 ± 0.1 pA/pF for PKA and 3.4 ± 0.2 pA/pF for PKC). Following kinase activation, phosphorylated FXYD1 was coimmunoprecipitated with sodium pump α1-subunit. We conclude that T69 is a previously undescribed phosphorylation site in FXYD1. Acute T69 phosphorylation elicits stimulation of the sodium pump additional to that induced by S63 and S68 phosphorylation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by grants from the British Heart Foundation (to M. J. Shattock and W. Fuller), the Medical Research Council (to M. J. Shattock and L. M. McLatchie), a Tenovus Scotland Research Grant (to W. Fuller), and a Research Councils UK Academic Fellowship (to W. Fuller).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Howie, Dr Jacqueline and Fuller, Dr Will
Authors: Fuller, W., Howie, J., McLatchie, L. M., Weber, R. J., Hastie, C. J., Burness, K., Pavlovic, D., and Shattock, M. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6143
ISSN (Online):1522-1563
Published Online:01 June 2009

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