Hopelessness: the role of depression, future directed thinking and cognitive vulnerability

O'Connor, R.C. , Connery, H. and Cheyne, W.M. (2000) Hopelessness: the role of depression, future directed thinking and cognitive vulnerability. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 5(2), pp. 155-161. (doi: 10.1080/713690188) (PMID:29156959)

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Previous research has suggested that parasuicides are impaired in their ability to generate positive future experiences. This study aimed to look at the relationship between future experiences, cognitive vulnerability and hopelessness in parasuicides and matched hospital controls. Parasuicides ( N = 20) and matched hospital controls ( N = 20) were assessed the day following an episode of deliberate self-harm on measures of hopelessness, depression, anxiety, cognitive vulnerability and future directed thinking. The parasuicides differed from hospital controls on measures of depression, hopelessness and negative cognitive style in the predicted direction. Future positive thinking, depression and negative cognitive style explained 70.5% of the hopelessness variance. Future positive thinking was not correlated with either depression or negative cognitive style, whereas negative cognitive style was correlated with depression and hopelessness. Future directed thinking contributes to hopelessness independently of depression and does not seem to be associated with cognitive vulnerability.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: O'Connor, R.C., Connery, H., and Cheyne, W.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Psychology, Health and Medicine
Publisher:Taylor and Francis
ISSN (Online):1465-3966
Published Online:19 August 2010

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