Overview of ecosystem-based approaches to drought risk reduction targeting small-scale farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

Kloos, J. and Renaud, F. G. (2016) Overview of ecosystem-based approaches to drought risk reduction targeting small-scale farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Renaud, F. G., Sudmeier-Rieux, K., Estrella, M. and Nehren, U. (eds.) Ecosystem-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice. Series: Advances in natural and technological hazards research (42). Springer: Cham, pp. 199-226. ISBN 9783319436319 (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43633-3_9)

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Rain-fed agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) provides major but highly climate-dependent sources of livelihoods. Recurrent dry spells and droughts can impact SSA’s agro-ecosystems in multiple ways, negatively affecting local social-ecological systems (SES). Droughts not only destroy crops and livestock and degrade natural resources but also impact a large variety of ecosystem services. However, ecosystems can also frequently be powerful agents for drought mitigation and resilient livelihoods. Ecosystem-based approaches mitigate drought impacts while providing multiple co-benefits which contribute to poverty alleviation and sustainable development, food security, biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration and livelihood resilience. In drought risk management, ecosystem-based solutions have always been important, even if not explicitly acknowledged as such. Based on available literature, this chapter provides an overview of approaches for drought risk reduction in SSA in the context of ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (Eco-DRR) and ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA). Using selected criteria, the review found many types of approaches, which strengthen functionality of the ecosystem and offer substantial environmental and socio-economic benefits, and thus help to mitigate drought impacts. More information on the limits of these approaches is needed in order to integrate them effectively into Eco-DRR and EbA programmes and complement them with more traditional disaster risk reduction strategies.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Renaud, Professor Fabrice
Authors: Kloos, J., and Renaud, F. G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies

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