Self-governing prisons: prison gangs in an international perspective

Butler, M., Slade, G. and Dias, C. N. (2018) Self-governing prisons: prison gangs in an international perspective. Trends in Organized Crime, (doi: 10.1007/s12117-018-9338-7) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

This paper finds qualified support for the use of Skarbek’s (2011, 2014) governance theory to understand the emergence of prison gang-like groups in Kyrgyzstan, Northern Ireland and Brazil. However, Skarbek’s (2011, 2014) governance theory has little to say about how many prison gangs emerge and how they organise comparatively outside the US context. This paper argues that variation in the number of gangs and their monopolization of informal governance can only be explained by considering importation and deprivation theories alongside governance theories. These theories factor in variation in prison environments and pre-existing societal divisions imported into prison, which affect the costs on information transmission and incentives for gang expansion. In particular, the paper pays attention to the wider role social and political processes play in influencing whether monopoly power by prison gangs is supported and legitimized or not.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Slade, Dr Gavin
Authors: Butler, M., Slade, G., and Dias, C. N.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Central and East European Studies
Journal Name:Trends in Organized Crime
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1084-4791
ISSN (Online):1936-4830
Published Online:30 March 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Trends in Organized Crime 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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