Reconsidering the relationship between air pollution and deprivation

Bailey, N. , Dong, G., Minton, J. and Pryce, G. (2018) Reconsidering the relationship between air pollution and deprivation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(4), 629. (doi:10.3390/ijerph15040629)

[img]
Preview
Text
159742.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

19MB

Abstract

This paper critically examines the relationship between air pollution and deprivation. We argue that focusing on a particular economic or social model of urban development might lead one to erroneously expect all cities to converge towards a particular universal norm. A naive market sorting model, for example, would predict that poor households will eventually be sorted into high pollution areas, leading to a positive relationship between air pollution and deprivation. If, however, one considers a wider set of theoretical perspectives, the anticipated relationship between air pollution and deprivation becomes more complex and idiosyncratic. Specifically, we argue the relationship between pollution and deprivation can only be made sense of by considering processes of risk perception, path dependency, gentrification and urbanization. Rather than expecting all areas to eventually converge to some universal norm, we should expect the differences in the relationship between air pollution and deprivation across localities to persist. Mindful of these insights, we propose an approach to modeling which does not impose a geographically fixed relationship. Results for Scotland reveal substantial variations in the observed relationships over space and time, supporting our argument.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bailey, Professor Nick and Minton, Dr Jonathan
Authors: Bailey, N., Dong, G., Minton, J., and Pryce, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1661-7827
ISSN (Online):1660-4601
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(4):629
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
589501Applied Quantitative Methods Network: Phase II (AQMeN 2)Nick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/K006460/1SPS - URBAN STUDIES