Lack of evidence on mental health and well-being impacts of individual-level interventions for vulnerable adolescents: systematic mapping review

Vojt, G., Skivington, K. , Sweeting, H. , Campbell, M. , Fenton, C. and Thomson, H. (2018) Lack of evidence on mental health and well-being impacts of individual-level interventions for vulnerable adolescents: systematic mapping review. Public Health, 161, pp. 29-32. (doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2018.04.003) (PMID:29859375)

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Abstract

Objectives: To review empirical evaluations of individual-level interventions intended to improve mental health or wellbeing for vulnerable adolescents. Study design: Systematic mapping review. Methods: Thirteen databases covering academic and grey literature were searched for published reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and grey literature (2005-2016) and the results quality-assessed to prioritize best available evidence. We aimed to identify well conducted systematic reviews and trials that evaluated individual-level interventions, for mental health/wellbeing outcomes, where the population was adolescents aged 10-24 years in any of 12 vulnerable groups at high risk of poor health outcomes (e.g. homeless, offenders, 'looked after', carers). Results: Thirty systematic reviews and 16 additional trials were identified. There was insufficient evidence to identify promising individual-level interventions that improve the mental health/wellbeing of any of the vulnerable groups. Conclusions: Despite Western policy to promote health and wellbeing among vulnerable young people, the dearth of evidence suggests a lack of interest in evaluating interventions targeting these groups in respect of their mental health/wellbeing outcomes.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was commissioned and funded by an external grant from the Royal Society of Edinburgh Scotland Foundation. KS, HT, HS, and MC are also funded by Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government Health Directorates Grants (SPHSU12 and SPHSU15).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Campbell, Ms Mhairi and Vojt, Miss Gabriele and Skivington, Dr Kathryn and Fenton, Ms Candida and Thomson, Dr Hilary and Sweeting, Dr Helen
Authors: Vojt, G., Skivington, K., Sweeting, H., Campbell, M., Fenton, C., and Thomson, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:Public Health
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0033-3506
ISSN (Online):1476-5616
Published Online:30 May 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Public Health 161:29-32
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
620221MRC SPHSU/GU Transfer FellowshipsLaurence MooreMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_PC_13027IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
727671SPHSU Core Renewal: Informing Healthy Public Policy Research ProgrammePeter CraigMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/15IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU
727641SPHSU Core Renewal: Setting and Health Improvement Research ProgrammeKathryn HuntMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/12IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU