Titrations without the additions: the efficient determination of pKa values using NMR imaging techniques

Wallace, M., Adams, D. J. and Iggo, J. A. (2018) Titrations without the additions: the efficient determination of pKa values using NMR imaging techniques. Analytical Chemistry, 90(6), pp. 4160-4166. (doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00181) (PMID:29481064)

158263.pdf - Accepted Version



It can be very informative to acquire NMR spectra of a sample as a function of the solution pH. Examples can be found in the design of host–guest complexes or in the determination of the pKa values of organic molecules. In the conventional procedure, a series of spectra must be recorded and the pH of the sample adjusted manually between successive NMR measurements. As an alternative to this laborious procedure, we demonstrate how controlled pH gradients may be established in 5 mm NMR tubes and analyzed using standard NMR equipment in a “single shot” experiment. Using 1H NMR imaging techniques and a set of NMR pH indicator compounds, we are able to measure the pH of a sample as a function of position along a pH gradient. We are thus able to obtain the necessary set of 1H NMR spectra as a function of pH from a single sample in a single NMR experiment. As proof of concept, we demonstrate how the technique may be employed for the determination of the pKa values of small organic molecules. We are able to measure pKa values from 1 to 11 to within 0.1 units of their literature values. The method is robust to variations in the setting of the pH gradients and can be readily implemented through an automated sample changer.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:We thank Unilever for a Case Award (M.W.) and the EPSRC for funding a DTA (M.W.). We thank the EPSRC for funding (EP/C005643/1 and EP/K039687/1). D.J.A. thanks the EPSRC for a Fellowship (EP/L021978/1). M.W. thanks the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 for a Research Fellowship.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Adams, Dave
Authors: Wallace, M., Adams, D. J., and Iggo, J. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Analytical Chemistry
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):1520-6882
Published Online:28 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in Analytical Chemistry 90(6):4160-4166
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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