Routine germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in ovarian carcinoma patients: analysis of the Scottish real life experience

Rust, K. et al. (2018) Routine germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in ovarian carcinoma patients: analysis of the Scottish real life experience. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 125(11), pp. 1451-1458. (doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.15171) (PMID:29460478)

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the rate of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Scottish ovarian cancer patients before and after a change in testing policy. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Four cancer/genetics centres in Scotland. Population: Ovarian cancer patients undergoing germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 (gBRCA1/2) gene sequencing before 2013 (‘old criteria’; selection based solely on family history), after 2013 (‘new criteria’; sequencing offered to newly presenting non-mucinous ovarian cancer patients) and the ‘prevalent population’ (who presented before 2013, were not eligible for sequencing under the old criteria but were sequenced under the new criteria). Methods: Clinicopathological and sequence data were collected before and for 18 months after this change in selection criteria. Main Outcome Measures: Frequency of germline BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C and RAD51D mutations. Results: Of 599 patients sequenced, 205, 236 and 158 were in the ‘old criteria’, ‘new criteria’ and ‘prevalent’ populations respectively. The frequency of gBRCA1/2 mutations was 30.7%, 13.1% and 12.7% respectively. The annual rate of gBRCA1/2 mutation detection was 4.2 before and 20.7 after the policy change. 48% (15/31) ‘new criteria’ patients with gBRCA1/2 mutations had a Manchester score <15 and would not have been offered sequencing based on family history criteria. In addition, 20 gBRCA1/2 patients were identified in the prevalent population. The prevalence of gBRCA1/2 mutations in patients >70 years was 8.2%. Conclusions Sequencing all non-mucinous ovarian cancer patients produces much higher annual gBRCA1/2 mutation detection with the frequency of positive tests still exceeding the 10% threshold upon which many family history based models operate.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Obstetrics and gynaecology.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mcneish, Professor Iain and Glasspool, Dr Rosalind and Spiliopoulou, Dr Pavlina
Authors: Rust, K., Spiliopoulou, P., Tang, C. Y., Bell, C., Stirling, D., Phang, T. h. F., Davidson, R., Mackean, M., Nussey, F., Glasspool, R., Reed, N., Sadozye, A., Porteous, M., McGoldrick, T., Ferguson, M., Miedzybrodzka, Z., Mcneish, I., and Gourley, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1470-0328
ISSN (Online):1471-0528
Published Online:20 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
First Published:First published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 125(11): 1451-1458
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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