On the choice of stress–strain variables for unsaturated soils and its effect on plastic flow

Gallipoli, D., Grassl, P. , Wheeler, S. and Gens, A. (2018) On the choice of stress–strain variables for unsaturated soils and its effect on plastic flow. Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment, 15, pp. 3-9. (doi:10.1016/j.gete.2018.02.002)

Gallipoli, D., Grassl, P. , Wheeler, S. and Gens, A. (2018) On the choice of stress–strain variables for unsaturated soils and its effect on plastic flow. Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment, 15, pp. 3-9. (doi:10.1016/j.gete.2018.02.002)

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Abstract

The net stress plus suction and the average skeleton stress plus modified suction are two alternative sets of energetically consistent stress variables for modelling the hydro-mechanical behaviour of unsaturated soils. When used in conjunction with their work-conjugate strains, both sets of stress variables correctly calculate the first-order term of the hydro-mechanical work input into a soil element subjected to infinitesimal changes of deformation and water content. They therefore also correctly calculate the increment of internal energy along a given stress–strain path, that is the integral of the first-order term of the infinitesimal work input. This paper shows, however, that the above two sets of stress variables lead to different values of the second-order term of the hydro-mechanical work input. They are therefore no longer equivalent with respect to other aspects of material behaviour governed by the second-order work such as the flow rule of elasto-plastic models. The flow rule assumes the normality between plastic strains and equipotential surfaces defined in the conjugate stress–strain space. This normality is however lost when an elasto-plastic model originally formulated in terms of net stress plus suction is recast in terms of average skeleton stress plus modified suction (or vice versa) by means of standard mapping relationships between stress variables. To restore normality in both stress spaces, it is necessary to impose specific forms of elastic and plastic behaviour.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grassl, Dr Peter and Gallipoli, Dr Domenico and Wheeler, Professor Simon
Authors: Gallipoli, D., Grassl, P., Wheeler, S., and Gens, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-3808
ISSN (Online):2352-3808
Published Online:21 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment 15:3-9
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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