Association between diet-quality scores, adiposity, total cholesterol and markers of nutritional status in European adults: findings from the Food4Me study

Fallaize, R. et al. (2018) Association between diet-quality scores, adiposity, total cholesterol and markers of nutritional status in European adults: findings from the Food4Me study. Nutrients, 10(1), 49. (doi: 10.3390/nu10010049) (PMID:29316612) (PMCID:PMC5793277)

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Abstract

Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore, MDS; PREDIMED Mediterranean Diet Score, P-MDS; Dutch Healthy Diet-Index, DHDI) and markers of metabolic health (anthropometry, objective physical activity levels (PAL), and dried blood spot total cholesterol (TC), total carotenoids, and omega-3 index) in the Food4Me cohort, using regression analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Participants (n = 1480) were adults recruited from seven European Union (EU) countries. Overall, women had higher HEI and AHEI than men (p < 0.05), and scores varied significantly between countries. For all DQS, higher scores were associated with lower body mass index, lower waist-to-height ratio and waist circumference, and higher total carotenoids and omega-3-index (p trends < 0.05). Higher HEI, AHEI, DHDI, and P-MDS scores were associated with increased daily PAL, moderate and vigorous activity, and reduced sedentary behaviour (p trend < 0.05). We observed no association between DQS and TC. To conclude, higher DQS, which reflect better dietary patterns, were associated with markers of better nutritional status and metabolic health.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This project was funded by the European Commission under the Food, Agriculture, Fisheries and Biotechnology Theme of the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, grant number 265494.
Keywords:Dried blood spots, personalized nutrition, healthy eating index, diet scores, metabolic health, Mediterranean diet score, nutritional biomarkers, Dutch healthy diet index.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos
Authors: Fallaize, R., Livingstone, K. M., Celis-Morales, C., Macready, A. L., San-Cristobal, R., Navas-Carretero, S., Marsaux, C. F.M., O'Donovan, C. B., Kolossa, S., Moschonis, G., Walsh, M. C., Gibney, E. R., Brennan, L., Bouwman, J., Manios, Y., Jarosz, M., Martinez, J. A., Daniel, H., Saris, W. H.M., Gundersen, T. E., Drevon, C. A., Gibney, M. J., Mathers, J. C., and Lovegrove, J. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Nutrients
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2072-6643
ISSN (Online):2072-6643
Published Online:06 January 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nutrients 10(1): 49
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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