Histological structure and age-related changes in the luminal diameter of the excurrent duct system of guinea cocks (Numida meleagris) and associated changes in testosterone concentrations

Abdul-Rahman, I. I. and Jeffcoate, I. (2018) Histological structure and age-related changes in the luminal diameter of the excurrent duct system of guinea cocks (Numida meleagris) and associated changes in testosterone concentrations. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire, 82(1), pp. 60-65. (PMID:29382970)

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Abstract

As little information is available on the reproductive system of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris), a study was conducted on 49 male guinea fowl to document the histological structure and developmental changes in the luminal diameter of the ducts within the excurrent duct system and associated changes in concentrations of testosterone. Age-related changes were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and medians separated by the Mann-Whitney U-test. Tubuli recti were clearly visible in the guinea fowl and the rete testes were both intracapsular and extracapsular. Regardless of age, the luminal diameter of the proximal ductuli efferentes was the largest, while that of the connecting duct was the smallest. The luminal diameter of all ducts within the epididymal region increased (P < 0.001) monthly until 20 wk of age, and then increased marginally every month thereafter. Peripheral testosterone concentrations also peaked at 20 wk of age and declined thereafter. In adult birds, the ductus deferens enlarged posteriorly, from an average of about 279 μm cranially to 678 μm caudally. Peripheral testosterone concentrations strongly and positively correlated with the luminal diameter of ducts within the excurrent duct system. The pattern of increase in the luminal diameter of all ducts followed the pattern of testosterone secretion in these birds, which indicates that testosterone concentrations may be closely related to the development of the excurrent duct system in male guinea fowl.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jeffcoate, Dr Ian
Authors: Abdul-Rahman, I. I., and Jeffcoate, I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Publisher:Canadian Veterinary Medical Association
ISSN:0830-9000
ISSN (Online):1928-9022
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