A ‘natural experiment’ approach to contingent valuation of private and public UV health risk reduction strategies in low and high risk countries

Bateman, I. J., Brouwer, R., Georgiou, S., Hanley, N. , Machado, F., Mourato, S. and Saunders, C. (2005) A ‘natural experiment’ approach to contingent valuation of private and public UV health risk reduction strategies in low and high risk countries. Environmental and Resource Economics, 31(1), pp. 47-72. (doi:10.1007/s10640-004-6978-7)

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Abstract

We present the results of a ‘natural experiment’ to test how variations in exogenous risk levels affect resultant willingness to pay (WTP) for risk reduction. The case study presented considers WTP for reductions in the skin cancer risks associated with exposure to solar UV radiation. A common design contingent valuation survey is conducted in four countries, across which variation in geographical latitude and genetic mix mean that exogenous risks differ substantially. Survey respondents were presented with both a private and public good route for affecting risk reduction. In both cases, results confirm that once adjustment had been made for expected relationships with other covariates (such as income and risk averting behaviour), valuation responses for both goods conformed to expectations with the ordering of values across countries reflecting the ordering of scientifically established health risks. This suggests that links between values and objective health risks may be observed within such situations and provides a justification for continuing research into more natural representations of risk and risk reductions in order to yield consistent and robust measures of associated values.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:CSERGE is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Further funding was provided by The Economics for the Environment Consultancy (EFTEC) and the authors’ host institutions for which we are grateful.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hanley, Professor Nicholas
Authors: Bateman, I. J., Brouwer, R., Georgiou, S., Hanley, N., Machado, F., Mourato, S., and Saunders, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Environmental and Resource Economics
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0924-6460
ISSN (Online):1573-1502

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