Shear behaviour of biopolymer suspensions with spheroidal and cylindrical particles

Wolf, B., Frith, W. J., Singleton, S., Tassieri, M. and Norton, I. T. (2001) Shear behaviour of biopolymer suspensions with spheroidal and cylindrical particles. Rheologica Acta, 40(3), pp. 238-247. (doi:10.1007/s003970000133)

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Abstract

The rheological behaviour of suspensions is influenced by many parameters, one of which is the particle shape. For rigid particle suspensions a number of studies demonstrate the effects of the particle aspect ratio. Indeed, fibres are widely used as rheology modifiers in different materials such as synthetic polymers. This work is concerned with testing the hypothesis that regularly shaped particles with aspect ratios larger than one that are made of gelled biopolymers could be used as rheology modifiers for biopolymer solutions. Biopolymers, and mixtures thereof are a widely used ingredient in foods and other products with structure functionality. Tailoring rheology modifiers by morphology offers an alternative to using different biopolymers.

It is demonstrated how biopolymer suspensions with regular spheroidal, or cylindrical particle shapes can be produced by gelling the droplet phase of a liquid two phase biopolymer mixture in a shear field. Biopolymers were chosen such that gelation is initiated by cooling. Shear-cooling at constant stresses leads to the formation of ellipsoidal particles. Cylindrical particles can be generated by stepping up the shear stress prior to gelation, i.e., stretching the droplet phase into fibrils, and trapping the shape prior to break-up through gelation.

Morphologies and steady shear rheological data for suspensions of the two biopolymers gellan and κ-carrageenan with an internal phase volume of 0.2 are reported. The influence of particle shape on relative viscosity is pronounced. At high shear stresses particle orientation leads to decreased viscosity with increasing particle aspect ratio. In the low shear region, higher aspect ratio suspensions show higher viscosities. Additionally, the material properties, including the interfacial tension, which influence the suspension morphology are reported.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tassieri, Dr Manlio
Authors: Wolf, B., Frith, W. J., Singleton, S., Tassieri, M., and Norton, I. T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Rheologica Acta
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:0035-4511
ISSN (Online):1435-1528

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