Effect of sol–gel transition on shear-induced drop deformation in aqueous mixtures of gellan and κ-carrageenan

Simeone, M., Tassieri, M. , Sibillo, V. and Guido, S. (2005) Effect of sol–gel transition on shear-induced drop deformation in aqueous mixtures of gellan and κ-carrageenan. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 281(2), pp. 488-494. (doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.095)

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Abstract

In this work, we present an experimental methodology to investigate the dynamics under shear flow of a drop that is gelling as a consequence of a temperature quench. The experiments were carried out on the system water/gellan/κ-carrageenan in the biphasic region of the phase diagram, the gellan–rich phase being used as the dispersed phase. Gelation was brought about by lowering the temperature during flow after steady state drop deformation had been reached. Simple shear flow was applied by using a parallel plate apparatus equipped with optical microscopy and image analysis, which made it possible to monitor drop shape evolution before, during, and after gelation. The onset of gelation trapped drop deformation, thus producing anisotropic particles. The fingerprint of gelation was the simultaneous tumbling of the drops, which rotated as rigid ellipsoids under the action of shear flow. Interfacial tension between the two equilibrium phases was determined at different times during the temperature quench by analyzing drop retraction upon cessation of flow. Up to gelation, no significant change was observed in the measured values.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tassieri, Dr Manlio
Authors: Simeone, M., Tassieri, M., Sibillo, V., and Guido, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9797
ISSN (Online):1095-7103
Published Online:07 October 2004

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