Somatic growth and telomere dynamics in vertebrates: relationships, mechanisms and consequences

Monaghan, P. and Ozanne, S. E. (2018) Somatic growth and telomere dynamics in vertebrates: relationships, mechanisms and consequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373(1741), 20160446. (doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0446) (PMID:29335370) (PMCID:PMC5784066)

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Abstract

Much telomere loss takes place during the period of most rapid growth when cell proliferation and potentially energy expenditure are high. Fast growth is linked to reduced longevity. Therefore, the effects of somatic cell proliferation on telomere loss and cell senescence might play a significant role in driving the growth-lifespan trade-off. While different species will have evolved a growth strategy that maximizes lifetime fitness, environmental conditions encountered during periods of growth will influence individual optima. In this review, we first discuss the routes by which altered cellular conditions could influence telomere loss in vertebrates, with a focus on oxidative stress in both in vitro and in vivo studies. We discuss the relationship between body growth and telomere length, and evaluate the empirical evidence that this relationship is generally negative. We further discuss the potentially conflicting hypotheses that arise when other factors are taken into account, and the further work that needs to be undertaken to disentangle confounding variables. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Understanding diversity in telomere dynamics’.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Body size, compensatory growth, environment, longevity, nutrition, oxidative stress.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Monaghan, Professor Pat
Authors: Monaghan, P., and Ozanne, S. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Publisher:The Royal Society
ISSN:0962-8436
ISSN (Online):1471-2970
Published Online:15 January 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 373(1741):20160446
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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