Quantum computation – principles and solid-state concepts

Weides, M. and Goldobin, E. (2010) Quantum computation – principles and solid-state concepts. In: Waser, R. (ed.) Nanotechnology: Vol. 4. Information Technology, II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.. ISBN 9783527317370 (doi:10.1002/9783527628155.nanotech048)

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Publisher's URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9783527628155/toc

Abstract

In this chapter we review the basics of quantum computation and discuss promising physical systems for implementation of a qubit. The advantage of quantum computation over classical computation is shown by presenting the quantum algorithms for searching databases and factorizing numbers. In addition, quantum bits are ideal candidates for secure communication. The operation scheme and error correction of quantum computation are reviewed. First experimental realization of quantum computation by nuclear magnetic resonance is outlined. Several types of scalable solid-state qubits based on semiconductors and superconducting Josephson junctions (charge, flux and fractional flux qubits) are presented.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Weides, Professor Martin
Authors: Weides, M., and Goldobin, E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Publisher:John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
ISBN:9783527317370

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