Advanced Liquid Cooling for Concentrated Photovoltaic Electro-Thermal Co-Generation

Escher, W., Ghannam, R. , Khalil, A., Paredes, S. and Michel, B. (2011) Advanced Liquid Cooling for Concentrated Photovoltaic Electro-Thermal Co-Generation. In: 2010 3rd International Conference on Thermal Issues in Emerging Technologies Theory and Applications, Cairo, Egypt, 19-22 Dec 2010, pp. 9-17. ISBN 9781612872660 (doi:10.1109/THETA.2010.5766374)

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We demonstrate an advanced packaging approach with an embedded silicon micro-channel water cooler where the photovoltaic cell is electrically connected by a metallization on the silicon substrate. The backside of the silicon substrate contains the micro-machined fluidic channels thereby minimizing the thermal resistance compared to a state — of — the — art package. This leads to a reduced temperature drop between the photovoltaic cell and the coolant, allowing an increase in the temperature of recovered heat. A low-pressure drop split-flow fluid manifold is implemented to distribute the coolant from one single input to the micro-channel array and back from two outlet ports. A thermal resistance of 0.12 cm2K/W was demonstrated, which allows for the removal of 100W/cm2 heat (>1000 suns) at a ΔT of 12K. Direct chip attached silicon coolers enable higher overall concentration factor thereby reducing photovoltaic cell cost. An additional benefit of silicon is its inertness against corrosion and the matching thermal expansion coefficient which allows building of systems with a very long lifetime. The split flow configuration reduces pumping power to about 5% of the system photovoltaic output. More complex manifold micro-channel systems are proposed to minimize the pumping power to a level below 1% and to cool arrays of cells on a single large substrate.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ghannam, Dr Rami
Authors: Escher, W., Ghannam, R., Khalil, A., Paredes, S., and Michel, B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering

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