Enhancing the absorption capabilities of thin-film solar cells using sandwiched light trapping structures

Abdellatif, S., Kirah, K., Ghannam, R. , Khalil, A. S. G. and Anis, W. (2015) Enhancing the absorption capabilities of thin-film solar cells using sandwiched light trapping structures. Applied Optics, 54(17), pp. 5534-5541. (doi:10.1364/AO.54.005534)

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Abstract

A novel structure for thin-film solar cells is simulated with the purpose of maximizing the absorption of light in the active layer and of reducing the parasitic absorption in other layers. In the proposed structure, the active layer is formed from an amorphous silicon thin film sandwiched between silicon nanowires from above and photonic crystal structures from below. The upper electrical contact consists of an indium tin oxide layer, which serves also as an antireflection coating. A metal backreflector works additionally as the other contact. The simulation was done using a new reliable, efficient and generic optoelectronic approach. The suggested multiscale simulation model integrates the finite-difference time-domain algorithm used in solving Maxwell’s equation in three dimensions with a commercial simulation platform based on the finite element method for carrier transport modeling. The absorption profile, the external quantum efficient, and the power conversion efficiency of the suggested solar cell are calculated. A noticeable enhancement is found in all the characteristics of the novel structure with an estimated 32% increase in the total conversion efficiency over a cell without any light trapping mechanisms.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ghannam, Dr Rami
Authors: Abdellatif, S., Kirah, K., Ghannam, R., Khalil, A. S. G., and Anis, W.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Journal Name:Applied Optics
Publisher:Optical Society of America
ISSN:0003-6935
ISSN (Online):0003-6935
Published Online:09 June 2015

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