The interaction of sex, height, and QRS duration on the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on morbidity and mortality: an individual-patient data meta-analysis

Linde, C., Cleland, J. G.F. , Gold, M. R., Daubert, J. C., Tang, A. S.L., Young, J. B., Sherfesee, L. and Abraham, W. T. (2018) The interaction of sex, height, and QRS duration on the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on morbidity and mortality: an individual-patient data meta-analysis. European Journal of Heart Failure, 20(4), pp. 780-791. (doi:10.1002/ejhf.1133) (PMID:29314424)

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Abstract

Aims: To explore possible associations that may explain the greater benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reported amongst women. Methods and results: In an individual-patient data meta-analysis of five randomized controlled trials, all-cause mortality and the composite of all-cause mortality or first hospitalization for heart failure (HF) were compared among 794 women and 2702 men assigned to CRT or a control group. Multivariable analyses were performed to assess the impact of sex, QRS duration, HF aetiology, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), and height on outcome. Women were shorter, had smaller LVEDD, more often left bundle branch block, and less often ischaemic heart disease, but QRS duration was similar between sexes. Women tended to obtain greater benefit from CRT but sex was not an independent predictor of either outcome. For all-cause mortality, QRS duration was the only independent predictor of CRT benefit. For the composite outcome, height and QRS duration, but not sex, were independent predictors of CRT benefit. Further analysis suggested increasing benefit with increasing QRS duration amongst shorter patients, of whom a great proportion were women. Conclusions: In this individual-patient data meta-analysis, CRT benefit was greater in shorter patients, which may explain reports of enhanced CRT benefit among women. Further analyses are required to determine whether recommendations on the QRS threshold for CRT should be adjusted for height. (ClinicalTrials.gov numbers: NCT00170300, NCT00271154, NCT00251251).

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Linde, C., Cleland, J. G.F., Gold, M. R., Daubert, J. C., Tang, A. S.L., Young, J. B., Sherfesee, L., and Abraham, W. T.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1388-9842
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:04 January 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors and European Society of Cardiology
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 20(4):780-791
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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