Measurement of energy decay in superconducting qubits from nonequilibrium quasiparticles

Lenander, M. et al. (2011) Measurement of energy decay in superconducting qubits from nonequilibrium quasiparticles. Physical Review B, 84(2), 024501. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.024501)

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Quasiparticles are an important decoherence mechanism in superconducting qubits, and can be described with a complex admittance that is a generalization of the Mattis-Bardeen theory. By injecting nonequilibrium quasiparticles with a tunnel junction, we verify qualitatively the expected change of the decay rate and transition frequency in a phase qubit. With their relative change in agreement to within 4 % of prediction, the theory can be reliably used to infer quasiparticle density. We describe how settling of the decay rate may allow determination of whether qubit energy relaxation is limited by nonequilibrium quasiparticles.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Weides, Professor Martin
Authors: Lenander, M., Wang, H., Bialczak, R. C., Lucero, E., Mariantoni, M., Neeley, M., O’Connell, A.D., Sank, D., Weides, M., Wenner, J., Yamamoto, T., Yin, Y., Zhao, J., Cleland, A.N., and Martinis, J. M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Physical Review B
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):2469-9969

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