An innovative virtual reality training tool for orthognathic surgery

Pulijala, Y., Ma, M., Pears, M., Peebles, D. and Ayoub, A. (2018) An innovative virtual reality training tool for orthognathic surgery. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 47(9), pp. 1199-1205. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2018.01.005) (PMID:29398172)

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Virtual reality (VR) surgery using Oculus Rift and Leap Motion devices is a multi-sensory, holistic surgical training experience. A multimedia combination including 360° videos, three-dimensional interaction, and stereoscopic videos in VR has been developed to enable trainees to experience a realistic surgery environment. The innovation allows trainees to interact with the individual components of the maxillofacial anatomy and apply surgical instruments while watching close-up stereoscopic three-dimensional videos of the surgery. In this study, a novel training tool for Le Fort I osteotomy based on immersive virtual reality (iVR) was developed and validated. Seven consultant oral and maxillofacial surgeons evaluated the application for face and content validity. Using a structured assessment process, the surgeons commented on the content of the developed training tool, its realism and usability, and the applicability of VR surgery for orthognathic surgical training. The results confirmed the clinical applicability of VR for delivering training in orthognathic surgery. Modifications were suggested to improve the user experience and interactions with the surgical instruments. This training tool is ready for testing with surgical trainees.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the Celina Kilner Scholarship Fund of the University of Huddersfield, QR Research Fund of the Higher Education Funding Council for England, and the Santander Fund for supporting this study.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ayoub, Professor Ashraf
Authors: Pulijala, Y., Ma, M., Pears, M., Peebles, D., and Ayoub, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN (Online):1399-0020
Published Online:15 February 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
First Published:First published in International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 47(9): 1199-1205
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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