Self-confidence, overconfidence and prenatal testosterone exposure: evidence from the lab

Dalton, P. S. and Ghosal, S. (2018) Self-confidence, overconfidence and prenatal testosterone exposure: evidence from the lab. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 5. (doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00005) (PMID:29441000) (PMCID:PMC5797613)

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Abstract

This paper examines whether foetal testosterone exposure predicts the extent of confidence and over-confidence in own absolute ability in adulthood. To study this question, we elicited incentive-compatible measures of confidence and over-confidence in the lab and correlate them with measures of right hand 2D:4D, used as as a marker for the strength of prenatal testosterone exposure. We provide evidence that men with higher prenatal testosterone exposure (i.e., low 2D:4D ratio) are less likely to set unrealistically high expectations about their own performance. This in turn helps them to gain higher monetary rewards. Men exposed to low prenatal testosterone levels, instead, set unrealistically high expectations which results in self-defeating behavior.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Both authors acknowledge support from ESRC-DFID grant RES-167-25-0364.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ghosal, Professor Sayantan
Authors: Dalton, P. S., and Ghosal, S.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1662-5153
ISSN (Online):1662-5153
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Dalton and Ghosal
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 12: 5
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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