Numerical Investigation of Self-Sustained Limit-Cycle Oscillations in a Flapping-Foil Energy Harvester

Wang, E., Ramesh, K. , Viola, I. M. and Killen, S. (2017) Numerical Investigation of Self-Sustained Limit-Cycle Oscillations in a Flapping-Foil Energy Harvester. International Forum on Aeroelasticity and Structural Dynamics 2017, Como, Italy, 25-28 Jun 2017.

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Abstract

Two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) fully passive motion of a flapping foil at a low Reynolds num- ber Re = 10,000 is studied numerically. The simulations are conducted using open source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM. The present research is mainly fo- cused on the self-sustained limit-cycle oscillations of a flapping foil with potential application as a hydro-energy harvester. The effect of different parameters on the onset of linear flutter, the characteristics of the system response, the available power from a flapping foil and the flow patterns are investigated. It is found that given a small initial perturbation, the response of the foil is similar to that of classical linear flutter i.e., the oscillations converged to a constant value at reduced velocities lower than the flutter velocity and limit-cycle oscillations (LCOs) are ob- served once the reduced velocities are greater than the flutter velocity. The reduced frequency of the LCOs exhibits a decreasing trend with increasing reduced velocity. In contrast, the phase difference between pitch and plunge increases with the increase of the reduced velocity. The feasibility of power extraction is demonstrated and the time-averaged power shows a single peak at an intermediate reduced velocity. Limit-cycle oscillations are found to be influenced by leading-edge vortex shedding as well as trailing-edge flow separation.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Status:Published
Refereed:No
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wang, Mr Enhao and Killen, Dr Shaun and Ramesh, Dr Kiran
Authors: Wang, E., Ramesh, K., Viola, I. M., and Killen, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Authors

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
730791Investigation of Flapping Wings as a Means of Hydroelectric Power GenerationKiran RameshThe Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland (CARNEGTR)50346ENG - AEROSPACE SCIENCES