Surface mediated cooperative interactions of drugs enhance mechanical forces for antibiotic action

Ndieyira, J. W., Bailey, J., Patil, S. B. , Vögtli, M., Cooper, M. A., Abell, C., McKendry, R. A. and Aeppli, G. (2017) Surface mediated cooperative interactions of drugs enhance mechanical forces for antibiotic action. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 41206. (doi:10.1038/srep41206) (PMID:28155918) (PMCID:PMC5290737)

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Abstract

The alarming increase of pathogenic bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics is now recognized as a major health issue fuelling demand for new drugs. Bacterial resistance is often caused by molecular changes at the bacterial surface, which alter the nature of specific drug-target interactions. Here, we identify a novel mechanism by which drug-target interactions in resistant bacteria can be enhanced. We examined the surface forces generated by four antibiotics; vancomycin, ristomycin, chloroeremomycin and oritavancin against drug-susceptible and drug-resistant targets on a cantilever and demonstrated significant differences in mechanical response when drug-resistant targets are challenged with different antibiotics although no significant differences were observed when using susceptible targets. Remarkably, the binding affinity for oritavancin against drug-resistant targets (70 nM) was found to be 11,000 times stronger than for vancomycin (800 μM), a powerful antibiotic used as the last resort treatment for streptococcal and staphylococcal bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Using an exactly solvable model, which takes into account the solvent and membrane effects, we demonstrate that drug-target interactions are strengthened by pronounced polyvalent interactions catalyzed by the surface itself. These findings further enhance our understanding of antibiotic mode of action and will enable development of more effective therapies.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Patil, Dr Samadhan
Authors: Ndieyira, J. W., Bailey, J., Patil, S. B., Vögtli, M., Cooper, M. A., Abell, C., McKendry, R. A., and Aeppli, G.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Scientific Reports
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
ISSN (Online):2045-2322
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Scientific Reports 7(1):41206
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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